Chemoattraction of T cells expressing CCR5, CXCR3 and CX3CR1 by proximal tubular epithelial cell chemokines

Paul Cockwell, Judith Calderwood, Christopher Brooks, Srabasti Chakravorty, Caroline Savage

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45 Citations (Scopus)


Background. Chemokines produced by resident renal cells promote the infiltration of leukocyte subsets. We have analysed the chemotactic responses of CD3+ peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) to factors secreted by proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTEC). assessing the role of chemokines and chemokine receptors in this process. Methods. By FACS we analysed expression of the chemokine receptors CCR5, CXCR3, CX3CR1, CCR2, CXCR1 and CXCR2 on both freshly isolated and activated PBLs. Using Boyden chambers we studied the chemotactic activity of supernatant from resting and cytokine-stimulated (TNF-alpha and IFN-gamma) PTEC towards PBLs. Soluble recombinant chemokines and blocking antibodies were used to study the role of individual chemokine receptors. Chemokine secretion by PTEC was analysed by ELISA. Results. Only a small proportion of freshly isolated cells expressed the chemokine receptors and there was low grade chemotaxis of these cells towards cytokine-stimulated PTEC supernatant compared with unstimulated PTEC supernatant. After activation, 84% of PBLs expressed CCR5, 90% expressed CXCR3 and 19% expressed CX3CR1. There remained low expression levels of CXCR1, CXCR2 and CCR2. Activated PBLs showed strong chemotactic responses to supernatant from cytokine-stimulated PTEC compared with unstimulated PTEC (P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)734-744
Number of pages11
JournalNephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2002


  • CCR5
  • proximal tubular epithelial cells
  • renal inflammation
  • chemokines.
  • T cells
  • CX3CR1
  • CXCR3


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