Changes in mitochondrial status associated with altered Ca2+ homeostasis in aged cerebellar granule neurones in brain slices

Jie Xiong, A Verkhratsky, Emil Toescu

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    In the present work, we investigated the relationship between mitochondrial function and Ca2+ homeostasis in brain slices obtained from mice that aged normally. In acute preparations, the cerebellar neurons had similar values for intracellular free Ca2+ ([Ca2+](i)) regardless of their age (range, 6 weeks to 24 months). However, compared with the young slices, the aged neurons (20-24 months) showed an enhanced rate of [Ca2+](i) increases as a function of the time the slices were maintained in vitro. When slices were stimulated (KCl depolarization), there were significant differences in the patterns of [Ca2+](i) signal displayed by the young and old cerebellar granule neurons. More importantly, the aged neurons showed a significant delay in their capacity to recover the resting [Ca2+](i). The relationship between [Ca2+](i) and mitochondrial membrane potential was assessed by recording both parameters simultaneously, using fura-2 and rhodamine-123. In both young and aged neurons, the cytosolic [Ca2+](i) signal was associated with a mitochondrial depolarization response. In the aged neurons, the mitochondria had a significantly longer repolarization response, and quantitative analysis showed a direct correlation between the delays in mitochondrial repolarization and [Ca2+](i) recovery, indicating the causal relationship between the two parameters. Thus; the present results show that the reported changes in Ca2+ homeostasis associated with aging, which manifest principally in a decreased capacity of maintaining a stable resting [Ca2+](i) or recovering the resting [Ca2+](i) values after stimulation, are primarily attributable to a metabolic dysfunction in which the mitochondrial impairment plays an important role.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)10761-10771
    Number of pages11
    JournalThe Journal of Neuroscience
    Issue number24
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002


    • rhodamine-123
    • ATP production
    • brain slices
    • resting Ca2+ values
    • cerebellar granule neurons
    • neuronal vulnerability
    • mitochondrial membrane potential
    • Ca2+ homeostasis
    • aging


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