There is growing evidence that addressees in interaction integrate the semantic information conveyed by speakers' gestures. Little is known, however, about whether and how addressees' attention to gestures and the integration of gestural information can be modulated. This study examines the influence of a social factor (speakers' gaze to their own gestures), and two physical factors (the gesture's location in gesture space and gestural holds) on addressees' overt visual attention to gestures (direct fixations of gestures) and their uptake of gestural information. It also examines the relationship between gaze and uptake. The results indicate that addressees' overt visual attention to gestures is affected both by speakers' gaze and holds but for different reasons, whereas location in space plays no role. Addressees' uptake of gesture information is only influenced by speakers' gaze. There is little evidence of a direct relationship between addressees' direct fixations of gestures and their uptake.
- Eye gaze
- Multimodal information processing