Anisotropic flow and flow fluctuations of identified hadrons in Pb–Pb collisions at √sNN = 5.02 TeV

ALICE Collaboration, Jonathan Colburn, Professor Evans, Peter Jones, Anton Jusko, Marian Krivda, Roman Lietava, Simone Ragoni, Orlando Villalobos Baillie

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Abstract

The first measurements of elliptic flow of π±, K±, p+p̅, K0S , Λ+Λ̅, ϕ, Ξ+Ξ̅+, and Ω+Ω̅+ using multiparticle cumulants in Pb–Pb collisions at √sNN = 5.02 TeV are resented. Results obtained with two- (v2{2}) and four-particle cumulants (v2{4}) are shown as a function of transverse momentum, pT, for various collision centrality intervals. Combining the data for both v2{2} and v2{4} also allows us to report the first measurements of the mean elliptic flow, elliptic flow fluctuations, and relative elliptic flow fluctuations for various hadron species. These observables probe the event-by-event eccentricity fluctuations in the initial state and the contributions from the dynamic evolution of the expanding quark–gluon plasma. The characteristic features observed in previous pT-differential anisotropic flow measurements for identified hadrons with two-particle correlations, namely the mass ordering at low pT and the approximate scaling with the number of constituent quarks at intermediate pT, are similarly present in the four-particle correlations and the combinations of v2{2} and v2{4}. In addition, a particle species dependence of flow fluctuations is observed that could indicate a significant contribution from final state hadronic interactions. The comparison between experimental measurements and CoLBT model calculations, which combine the various physics processes of hydrodynamics, quark coalescence, and jet fragmentation, illustrates their importance over a wide pT range.
Original languageEnglish
Article number243
Number of pages34
JournalJHEP
Volume2023
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2023

Keywords

  • Collective Flow
  • Heavy Ion Experiments
  • Particle Correlations and Fluctuations

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