Age of acquisition, word frequency, and picture-word interference

JC Catling, Kevin Dent, RA Johnston, R Balding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)


In two experiments participants named pictures superimposed with unrelated words. The age of acquisition (AoA) of the picture names was manipulated. Additionally, the word frequency (WF, Experiment 1) or AoA (Experiment 2) of the interfering distractor words was manipulated. Early-acquired pictures were named faster than their late-acquired counterparts. Both WF and AoA modulated the degree of interference from the irrelevant word; low-frequency and late-acquired words produced most interference. In neither case did the WF or AoA of the distractor word interact with the AoA of the picture. The results show that in the context of word processing both WF and AoA have similar effects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1304-1317
Number of pages14
JournalThe Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2010


  • Picture-word interference
  • AoA
  • Frequency
  • Age of acquisition
  • Picture naming


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