Adaptive programming, politics and learning in development

Aidan Craney, Lisa Denney, David Hudson, Ujjwal Krishna

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this chapter, we first discuss what adaptive development is. We then summarise three adaptive development approaches in turn: adaptive management, problem-driven iterative adaptation (PDIA), and thinking and working politically (TWP). Case studies of each approach, like the WISDM coalition example above, are included to tease out the subtle differences between them; however, you will rightly note some overlap between them in terms of logic and methodologies. These three approaches should not be read as the only flavours of adaptive development, for example, see also doing development differently (ODI nd) and navigation by judgment (Honig 2018). Further, we strongly recommend engaging with the other texts we reference in this chapter – many of which are working papers accessible to audiences beyond academic paywalls. Finally, the chapter concludes with some ideas for teaching adaptive approaches in the classroom.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Routledge Handbook of Global Development
EditorsKearrin Sims, Nicola Banks, Susan Engel, Paul Hodge, Jonathan Makuwira, Naohiro Nakamura, Jonathan Rigg, Albert Salamanca, Pichamon Yeophantong
Number of pages13
ISBN (Electronic)9781003017653
ISBN (Print)9780367862022
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2022

Publication series

NameRoutledge International Handbooks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)
  • Social Sciences(all)


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