A study of enthalpic relaxation of a liquid crystal - BL038

James Hay, Nicola Bailey, [No Value] [No Value], G Crawford

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A liquid crystal, BL038, which was observed not to crystallize, has a glass transition at 215 K and a nematic to isotropic transition at 380 K. Samples aged below the glass transition at various temperatures T-a, exhibited an endotherm at the transition which developed with extent of ageing time, t(a). We attribute this endotherm to the relaxation of the glass towards the equilibrium liquid. The progress of the relaxation process was measured using differential scanning calorimetry. On subsequent reheating, the aged glass showed an apparent shift in the glass transition to higher temperatures. The endotherm was used to define the extent of enthalpic relaxation and the maximum value observed was found to increase initially then decrease, with the extent of undercooling from the glass transition temperature, DeltaT, passing through a maximum for a DeltaT = 15 K. From the temperature dependence of the relaxation times, an apparent activation enthalpy for the relaxation process of 85 +/- 10 kJ mol(-1) was determined. The small value of the activation enthalpy compared with that found in the ageing of polymers reflects differences in the molecular species involved in relaxation processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1761-1765
Number of pages5
JournalLiquid Crystals
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2001


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