The proto-oncogene HER2 presents a novel therapeutic target. We report results in 25 patients with HER2+ advanced prostate cancer treated with the bispecific antibody MDX-H210 15 microg m(-2)by intravenous infusion plus GM-CSF 5 microg kg(-1)day(-1)by subcutaneous injection for 4 days repeated weekly for 6 weeks. Patients with stable disease or better received further cycles of treatment until disease progression or study withdrawal. 1 patient received no treatment and 4 received less than 1 cycle and are included in the toxicity analysis only. Median duration of follow up was 105+ (range 21-188) days. Toxicity was generally NCI-CTG 0-2. There were 2 grade 4 adverse events (heart failure and dyspnoea) and 1 grade 3 event (allergic reaction) resulting in discontinuation of the study medication. There were 9 further grade 3 events not resulting in trial withdrawal. There were no treatment-related deaths. 7/20 (35%) evaluable patients had a >50% PSA response of median duration 128 (range 71-184+) days. 7/12 (58%) patients with evaluable pain had improvements in pain scores. The PSA relative velocity on therapy decreased in 15/18 (83%) assessable patients compared to pre-study. GM-CSF and MDX-H210 is active in hormone refractory prostate carcinoma with acceptable toxicity; further studies are warranted.