A High Temperature Superconductor microwave filter working in C-band for the Sardinia radio telescope

Pietro Bolli, Luca Cresci, Frederick Huang, Sergio mariotti, Dario Panella

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


A planar band-pass filter based on High Temperature Superconductor has been designed for possible implementation in the cryogenic front-end of the C-band receiver for the Sardinia Radio Telescope. The band-pass filter is designed to operate at relatively high frequencies: center frequency 6.7 GHz with 30% bandwidth. Seven nominally identical filters have been fabricated to test different carrier materials and connector types aimed to keep the fabrication of the HTS filter simpler and more cost competitive. In addition to the conventional approach, silver plating, copper carriers and SMA connectors have been used. Cryogenic scattering parameter measurements show a good agreement with numerical results: the average of the transmission losses turns out to be in the range 0.15-0.25 dB depending on the prototypes, whereas the reflection coefficient is below -16 dB. The insertion loss has been also measured by using a radiometric approach based on the cold attenuator method showing coherent results to those given by the Vector Network Analyzer. Multiple cool-down measurements have been performed successfully proving the data repeatability both in short- and medium-term. Concerning alternative technical solutions, the SMA connectors and silver plating appear to be valid options whereas the copper carriers are inclined to destroy the circuit. Finally, numerical simulations and experimental measurements on a traditional copper filter operating at 20 K show that the HTS filter improves the losses of about 0.2 dB with respect to the copper one.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Astronomical Instrumentation
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2014


  • Network parameters
  • cryogenic measurements
  • high temperature superconductor
  • planar microwave band-pass filters.


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