A feasibility study of educational tools for osteomalacia

R Waxman, Karim Raza, A Adebajo, S Robinson, D Walker, M Johnson, A T M Anishur Rahman, A Samanta, Kanta Kumar, P Helliwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
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Introduction: Many people in the UK, particularly people of South Asian origin, are advised to supplement their vitamin D intake, yet most do not. This suggests an unmet educational need. The osteomalacia mind map was developed to meet this need. The mind map contains culturally sensitive images, translated into Urdu and made interactive on a DVD. This study explores the feasibility of a randomised controlled study to measure the effect of education on improving vitamin D knowledge and adherence.
Method: This was a pilot and feasibility study. Cluster randomisation was used to avoid inter person contamination. Two South Asian women’s groups were recruited to receive information about osteomalacia either by interactive DVD or an Arthritis Research UK leaflet. Knowledge and compliance were tested before and after the educational interventions via a knowledge questionnaire and the measurement of vitamin D and parathormone levels.
Results: The groups were found to be mismatched for knowledge, educational attainment and language at baseline. There were also organisational difficulties and possible confounding due to different tutors and translators. The DVD group had high knowledge at baseline which did not improve. The leaflet group had low knowledge at baseline that did improve. The DVD group had lower parathormone which did not change. The leaflet group had an increase in vitamin D but parathormone remained high.
Conclusions: Performing a randomised study with this population utilising an educational intervention was difficult to execute. If cluster randomisation is used, extreme care must be taken to match the groups at baseline.
Original languageEnglish
JournalClinical Rheumatology
Early online date26 Oct 2016
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Oct 2016


  • Osteomalacia
  • Ethnic minorities
  • Patient education
  • Community research


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