Young stellar populations in early-type galaxies in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

We use a purely data-driven rectified factor analysis to identify early-type galaxies with recent star formation in Data Release 4 of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey Spectroscopic Catalogue. We compare the spectra and environment of these galaxies with those of 'normal' early-type galaxies, and a sample of independently selected E+A galaxies. We calculate the projected local galaxy surface density from the nearest five and 10 neighbours (Sigma(5) and Sigma(10)) for each galaxy in our sample, and find that the dependence on projected local density, of the properties of E+A galaxies, is not significantly different from that of early-type galaxies with young stellar populations, dropping off rapidly towards denser environments, and flattening off at densities less than or similar to 0.1-0.3 Mpc(-2). The dearth of E+A galaxies in dense environments confirms that E+A galaxies are most likely the products of galaxy-galaxy merging or interactions, rather than star-forming galaxies whose star formation has been quenched by processes unique to dense environments, such as ram-pressure stripping or galaxy harassment. We see a tentative peak in the number of E+A galaxies at Sigma(10) similar to 0.1-0.3 Mpc(-2), which may represent the local galaxy density at which the rate of galaxy-galaxy merging or interaction rate peaks. Analysis of the spectra of our early-type galaxies with young stellar populations suggests that they have a stellar component dominated by F stars, similar to 1-4 Gyr old, together with a mature, metal-rich population characteristic of 'typical' early-type galaxies. The young stars represent greater than or similar to 10 per cent of the stellar mass in these galaxies. This, together with the similarity of the environments in which this 'E+F' population and the E+A galaxy sample are found, suggests that E+F galaxies used to be E+A galaxies, but have evolved by a further similar to one to a few Gyr. Our rectified factor analysis is sensitive enough to identify this hidden population, which allows us to study the global and intrinsic properties of early-type galaxies created in major mergers or interactions, and compare them with those early-types which have had the bulk of their stars in place since a much earlier epoch.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)381-387
Number of pages7
JournalRoyal Astronomical Society. Monthly Notices
Volume375
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2007

Keywords

  • cosmology : observations, galaxies : starburst, galaxies : elliptical and lenticular, cD, galaxies : stellar content, galaxies : evolution