X-ray absorption studies of Zn2+-binding sites in Escherichia coli transhydrogenase and its beta H91K mutant
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Colleges, School and Institutes
Transhydrogenase couples hydride transfer between NADH and NADP(+) to proton translocation across a membrane. The binding of Zn2+ to the enzyme was shown previously to inhibit steps associated with proton transfer. Using Zn K-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS), we report here on the local structure of Zn2+ bound to Escherichia coli transhydrogenase. Experiments were performed on wild-type enzyme and a mutant in which beta His91 was replaced by Lys (beta H91K). This well-conserved His residue, located in the membrane-spanning domain of the protein, has been suggested to function in proton transfer, and to act as a ligand of the inhibitory Zn2+. The XAFS analysis has identified a Zn2+-binding cluster formed by one Cys, two His, and one Asp/Glu residue, arranged in a tetrahedral geometry. The structure of the site is consistent with the notion that Zn2+ inhibits proton translocation by competing with H+ binding to the His residues. The same cluster of residues with very similar bond lengths best fits the spectra of wild-type transhydrogenase and beta H91K. Evidently, beta His91 is not directly involved in Zn2+ binding. The locus of beta His91 and that of the Zn-binding site, although both on (or close to) the proton-transfer pathway of transhydrogenase, are spatially separate. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Biochimica et Biophysica Acta. Bioenergetics|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Apr 2010|
- Transhydrogenase, Proton translocation, Zinc-binding site, XAFS, Metal-ion inhibition