Why use a mirror to assess visual pursuit in prolonged disorders of consciousness? Evidence from healthy control participants

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Standard

Why use a mirror to assess visual pursuit in prolonged disorders of consciousness? Evidence from healthy control participants. / Cruse, Damian; Fattizzo, Marco; Owen, Adrian M; Fernandez-Espejo, Davinia.

In: BMC Neurology, Vol. 17, 14, 24.01.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{c4a956c364934511a4776b64d390160b,
title = "Why use a mirror to assess visual pursuit in prolonged disorders of consciousness? Evidence from healthy control participants",
abstract = "BackgroundEvidence of reliable smooth visual pursuit is crucial for both diagnosis and prognosis in prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC). However, a mirror is more likely than an object to elicit evidence of smooth pursuit. Our objective was to identify the physiological and/or cognitive mechanism underlying the mirror benefit.MethodsWe recorded eye-movements while healthy participants simultaneously completed a visual pursuit task and a cognitively demanding two-back task. We manipulated the stimulus to be pursued (two levels: mirror, ball) and the simultaneous cognitive load (pursuit only, pursuit plus two-back task) within subjects.ResultsPursuit of the reflected-own-face in the mirror was associated with briefer fixations that occurred less uniformly across the horizontal plane relative to object pursuit. Secondary task performance did not differ between pursuit stimuli. The secondary task also did not affect eye movement measures, nor did it interact with pursuit stimulus.ConclusionsReflected-own-face pursuit is no less cognitively demanding than object pursuit, but it naturally elicits smoother eye movements (i.e. briefer pauses to fixate). A mirror therefore provides greater sensitivity to detect smooth visual pursuit in PDOC because the naturally smoother eye movements may be identified more confidently by the assessor.",
keywords = "Brain injuries, Consciousness disorders, Diagnosis, Smooth pursuit",
author = "Damian Cruse and Marco Fattizzo and Owen, {Adrian M} and Davinia Fernandez-Espejo",
year = "2017",
month = jan,
day = "24",
doi = "10.1186/s12883-017-0798-1",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "BMC Neurology",
issn = "1471-2377",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Why use a mirror to assess visual pursuit in prolonged disorders of consciousness? Evidence from healthy control participants

AU - Cruse, Damian

AU - Fattizzo, Marco

AU - Owen, Adrian M

AU - Fernandez-Espejo, Davinia

PY - 2017/1/24

Y1 - 2017/1/24

N2 - BackgroundEvidence of reliable smooth visual pursuit is crucial for both diagnosis and prognosis in prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC). However, a mirror is more likely than an object to elicit evidence of smooth pursuit. Our objective was to identify the physiological and/or cognitive mechanism underlying the mirror benefit.MethodsWe recorded eye-movements while healthy participants simultaneously completed a visual pursuit task and a cognitively demanding two-back task. We manipulated the stimulus to be pursued (two levels: mirror, ball) and the simultaneous cognitive load (pursuit only, pursuit plus two-back task) within subjects.ResultsPursuit of the reflected-own-face in the mirror was associated with briefer fixations that occurred less uniformly across the horizontal plane relative to object pursuit. Secondary task performance did not differ between pursuit stimuli. The secondary task also did not affect eye movement measures, nor did it interact with pursuit stimulus.ConclusionsReflected-own-face pursuit is no less cognitively demanding than object pursuit, but it naturally elicits smoother eye movements (i.e. briefer pauses to fixate). A mirror therefore provides greater sensitivity to detect smooth visual pursuit in PDOC because the naturally smoother eye movements may be identified more confidently by the assessor.

AB - BackgroundEvidence of reliable smooth visual pursuit is crucial for both diagnosis and prognosis in prolonged disorders of consciousness (PDOC). However, a mirror is more likely than an object to elicit evidence of smooth pursuit. Our objective was to identify the physiological and/or cognitive mechanism underlying the mirror benefit.MethodsWe recorded eye-movements while healthy participants simultaneously completed a visual pursuit task and a cognitively demanding two-back task. We manipulated the stimulus to be pursued (two levels: mirror, ball) and the simultaneous cognitive load (pursuit only, pursuit plus two-back task) within subjects.ResultsPursuit of the reflected-own-face in the mirror was associated with briefer fixations that occurred less uniformly across the horizontal plane relative to object pursuit. Secondary task performance did not differ between pursuit stimuli. The secondary task also did not affect eye movement measures, nor did it interact with pursuit stimulus.ConclusionsReflected-own-face pursuit is no less cognitively demanding than object pursuit, but it naturally elicits smoother eye movements (i.e. briefer pauses to fixate). A mirror therefore provides greater sensitivity to detect smooth visual pursuit in PDOC because the naturally smoother eye movements may be identified more confidently by the assessor.

KW - Brain injuries

KW - Consciousness disorders

KW - Diagnosis

KW - Smooth pursuit

U2 - 10.1186/s12883-017-0798-1

DO - 10.1186/s12883-017-0798-1

M3 - Article

VL - 17

JO - BMC Neurology

JF - BMC Neurology

SN - 1471-2377

M1 - 14

ER -