Weight status, cardiorespiratory fitness and high blood pressure relationship among 5-12 years old Chinese primary school children

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{3c817acb04e349f7b5bf24a7da3e8b3c,
title = "Weight status, cardiorespiratory fitness and high blood pressure relationship among 5-12 years old Chinese primary school children",
abstract = "Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity contribute to high blood pressure (HBP) in adults and children. However, their relative importance as risk factors is unknown. We examined the relationships between weight status, CRF and HBP among Chinese primary school children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 4926 school children aged 5–12 years. CRF was estimated from a modified Cooper test, body mass index z-scores and weight categories were calculated from objective height and weight measurements, and BP was measured using an electronic sphygmomanometer. HBP was defined as >95th percentile based on reference cut-offs for Chinese boys and girls. Generalized Linear Mixed Models, adjusting for age, pubertal status and height, were developed for boys and girls to explore the independent and combined associations between fitness, weight status and HBP. 752 (15.3%) children had HBP, with a higher prevalence in obese (40.5% and 45.9% in boys and girls respectively) and overweight (27.6% and 30.2%) compared with non-overweight (9.0% and 13.8%) children. HBP prevalence was lower in boys with higher CRF (OR for highest vs. lowest CRF quartile in boys 0.64; 95%CI 0.46-0.89). This association was not seen in girls. With weight status and CRF in the same model, weight status, but not CRF, remained significantly associated with HBP (obesity in boys: OR 4.19; 95%CI 2.63-6.67; in girls: OR 2.49; 95%CI 1.19-5.19). The interaction effect for CRF and weight status was non-significant. Overweight/obesity was significantly associated with HBP among children. There was no evidence of modification of this relationship by CRF. Keywords: Blood pressure; Cardiorespiratory fitness; Obesity, School children, China ",
keywords = "Blood pressure, Cardiorespiratory fitness, Obesity, School children, China",
author = "Miranda Pallan and Tania Griffin and Kar Cheng and Bai Li and Peymane Adab",
year = "2017",
month = sep,
day = "14",
doi = "10.1038/jhh.2017.67",
language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Human Hypertension",
issn = "0950-9240",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Weight status, cardiorespiratory fitness and high blood pressure relationship among 5-12 years old Chinese primary school children

AU - Pallan, Miranda

AU - Griffin, Tania

AU - Cheng, Kar

AU - Li, Bai

AU - Adab, Peymane

PY - 2017/9/14

Y1 - 2017/9/14

N2 - Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity contribute to high blood pressure (HBP) in adults and children. However, their relative importance as risk factors is unknown. We examined the relationships between weight status, CRF and HBP among Chinese primary school children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 4926 school children aged 5–12 years. CRF was estimated from a modified Cooper test, body mass index z-scores and weight categories were calculated from objective height and weight measurements, and BP was measured using an electronic sphygmomanometer. HBP was defined as >95th percentile based on reference cut-offs for Chinese boys and girls. Generalized Linear Mixed Models, adjusting for age, pubertal status and height, were developed for boys and girls to explore the independent and combined associations between fitness, weight status and HBP. 752 (15.3%) children had HBP, with a higher prevalence in obese (40.5% and 45.9% in boys and girls respectively) and overweight (27.6% and 30.2%) compared with non-overweight (9.0% and 13.8%) children. HBP prevalence was lower in boys with higher CRF (OR for highest vs. lowest CRF quartile in boys 0.64; 95%CI 0.46-0.89). This association was not seen in girls. With weight status and CRF in the same model, weight status, but not CRF, remained significantly associated with HBP (obesity in boys: OR 4.19; 95%CI 2.63-6.67; in girls: OR 2.49; 95%CI 1.19-5.19). The interaction effect for CRF and weight status was non-significant. Overweight/obesity was significantly associated with HBP among children. There was no evidence of modification of this relationship by CRF. Keywords: Blood pressure; Cardiorespiratory fitness; Obesity, School children, China

AB - Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and adiposity contribute to high blood pressure (HBP) in adults and children. However, their relative importance as risk factors is unknown. We examined the relationships between weight status, CRF and HBP among Chinese primary school children. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 4926 school children aged 5–12 years. CRF was estimated from a modified Cooper test, body mass index z-scores and weight categories were calculated from objective height and weight measurements, and BP was measured using an electronic sphygmomanometer. HBP was defined as >95th percentile based on reference cut-offs for Chinese boys and girls. Generalized Linear Mixed Models, adjusting for age, pubertal status and height, were developed for boys and girls to explore the independent and combined associations between fitness, weight status and HBP. 752 (15.3%) children had HBP, with a higher prevalence in obese (40.5% and 45.9% in boys and girls respectively) and overweight (27.6% and 30.2%) compared with non-overweight (9.0% and 13.8%) children. HBP prevalence was lower in boys with higher CRF (OR for highest vs. lowest CRF quartile in boys 0.64; 95%CI 0.46-0.89). This association was not seen in girls. With weight status and CRF in the same model, weight status, but not CRF, remained significantly associated with HBP (obesity in boys: OR 4.19; 95%CI 2.63-6.67; in girls: OR 2.49; 95%CI 1.19-5.19). The interaction effect for CRF and weight status was non-significant. Overweight/obesity was significantly associated with HBP among children. There was no evidence of modification of this relationship by CRF. Keywords: Blood pressure; Cardiorespiratory fitness; Obesity, School children, China

KW - Blood pressure

KW - Cardiorespiratory fitness

KW - Obesity

KW - School children

KW - China

U2 - 10.1038/jhh.2017.67

DO - 10.1038/jhh.2017.67

M3 - Article

JO - Journal of Human Hypertension

JF - Journal of Human Hypertension

SN - 0950-9240

ER -