Wearables in Medicine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Institute for Measurement Systems and Sensor Technology, Technische Universität München, Theresienstrasse 90, Munich, 80333, Germany.
  • Institute of Translational Medicine, Mindelsohn Way, Edgbaston, Birmingham, B15 2TH, UK.
  • TUM Incubator, Technische Universität München, Lichtenberg Str. 6, Garching b. München, D-85748, Germany.
  • Triton Systems Inc., 200 Turnpike Rd., Chelmsford, MA, 01824, USA.
  • Department of Bioengineering, Department of Radiology, Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
  • Nanotechnology Laboratory, School of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom

Abstract

Wearables as medical technologies are becoming an integral part of personal analytics, measuring physical status, recording physiological parameters, or informing schedule for medication. These continuously evolving technology platforms do not only promise to help people pursue a healthier life style, but also provide continuous medical data for actively tracking metabolic status, diagnosis, and treatment. Advances in the miniaturization of flexible electronics, electrochemical biosensors, microfluidics, and artificial intelligence algorithms have led to wearable devices that can generate real-time medical data within the Internet of things. These flexible devices can be configured to make conformal contact with epidermal, ocular, intracochlear, and dental interfaces to collect biochemical or electrophysiological signals. This article discusses consumer trends in wearable electronics, commercial and emerging devices, and fabrication methods. It also reviews real-time monitoring of vital signs using biosensors, stimuli-responsive materials for drug delivery, and closed-loop theranostic systems. It covers future challenges in augmented, virtual, and mixed reality, communication modes, energy management, displays, conformity, and data safety. The development of patient-oriented wearable technologies and their incorporation in randomized clinical trials will facilitate the design of safe and effective approaches.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1706910
Number of pages26
JournalAdvanced Materials
Volume30
Issue number33
Early online date11 Jun 2018
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2018

Keywords

  • biosensors, diagnostics, drug delivery, personalized medicine, telemedicine