Wear processes in polymer implants

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

Polymers are used in a wide variety of implants in the human body, with many used in joint replacement implants, such as those for the hip and knee. These implants involve the articulation of a metal or ceramic components against a polymer component and this can lead to the generation of wear debris. This chapter discusses wear processes in polymer implants.

Bibliographic note

Given the widespread use of polymers in medical devices, the durability and reliability of this material in use is an area of critical importance. Durability and reliability of medical polymers reviews the performance of both bioresorbable and non-bioresorbable medical polymers. Part one provides a review of the types and properties of bioresorbable medical polymers. The effect of molecular structure on properties is discussed, along with the processing of bioresorbable and other polymers for medical applications. Transport phenomena and the degradation of bioresorbable medical polymers are reviewed, before an exploration of synthetic bioresorbable polymers and their use in orthopaedic tissue regeneration. Part two goes on to explore the durability and reliability of non-bioresorbable medical polymers, and wear processes in polymer implants and ageing processes of biomedical polymers in the body are discussed in depth, before an investigation into manufacturing defects and the failure of synthetic polymeric medical devices. With its distinguished editors and international team of expert contributors, Durability and reliability of medical polymers is an essential tool for all materials scientists, researchers and engineers involved in the design, development and application of medical polymers, whilst also providing a helpful overview of the subject for biologists, chemist and clinicians.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDurability and reliability of medical polymers
EditorsMike Jenkins, Artemis Stamboulis
Publication statusPublished - 12 Sep 2012

Publication series

NameSeries in Biomaterials
PublisherWoodhead Publishing Ltd.
Number44
ISSN (Print)2049-9485
ISSN (Electronic)2049-9493

Keywords

  • Materials, Biomaterials, Technologies and performance and STM