We fight for roses too: Time-use and global gender justice

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


  • Alison M. Jaggar

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • University of Colorado at Boulder


The World Development Report 2012: Gender Equality and Development has recently confirmed the widely held belief that women across the world tend to perform different work from men who otherwise are situated similarly. Women also work longer hours than similarly situated men. In analyzing the justice of these gendered disparities in time-use, WDR 2012 uses a moral framework that is largely distributive. Although this framework illuminates some aspects of the injustice of the situation, I contend that it obscures other crucial aspects, making the analysis inadequate overall. I argue that a more comprehensive and illuminating moral understanding can be reached by analyzing these time-use disparities in terms of global gendered exploitation. This alternative framework also better enables identifying those politically responsible for the injustice and points toward a vision of global gender justice that is morally more plausible.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-129
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Global Ethics
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2013


  • Distribution, Exploitation, Gender, Justice, Time-Use, Work, World Bank