Ward-based non-invasive ventilation in acute exacerbations of COPD: a narrative review of current practice and outcomes in the UK

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

External organisations

  • University Hospitals Birmingham NHS Foundation Trust

Abstract

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is frequently used as a treatment for acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF) in hospitalised patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). In the UK, many patients with AHRF secondary to AECOPD are treated with ward-based NIV, rather than being treated in critical care. NIV has been increasingly used as an alternative to invasive ventilation and as a ceiling of treatment in patients with a ‘do not intubate’ order. This narrative review describes the evidence base for ward-based NIV in the context of AECOPD and summarises current practice and clinical outcomes in the UK.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number145
JournalHealthcare
Volume6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 9 Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), Mortality, ceiling of treatment, Non-invasive ventilation, exacerbations

ASJC Scopus subject areas