Viscoelasticity of articular cartilage: Analysing the effect of induced stress and the restraint of bone in a dynamic environment
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-review
Colleges, School and Institutes
- Dept. of Mechanical Engineering, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK.
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the induced stress and restraint provided by the underlying bone on the frequency-dependent storage and loss stiffness (for bone restraint) or modulus (for induced stress) of articular cartilage, which characterise its viscoelasticity. Dynamic mechanical analysis has been used to determine the frequency-dependent viscoelastic properties of bovine femoral and humeral head articular cartilage. A sinusoidal load was applied to the specimens and out-of-phase displacement response was measured to determine the phase angle, the storage and loss stiffness or modulus. As induced stress increased, the storage modulus significantly increased (p < 0.05). The phase angle decreased significantly (p < 0.05) as the induced stress increased; reducing from 13.1° to 3.5°. The median storage stiffness ranged from 548N/mm to 707N/mm for cartilage tested on-bone and 544N/mm to 732N/mm for cartilage tested off-bone. On-bone articular cartilage loss stiffness was frequency independent (p > 0.05); however, off-bone, articular cartilage loss stiffness demonstrated a logarithmic frequency-dependency (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the frequency-dependent trends of storage and loss moduli of articular cartilage are dependent on the induced stress, while the restraint provided by the underlying bone removes the frequency-dependency of the loss stiffness.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials|
|Early online date||27 Jul 2017|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2017|
- Articular cartilage, Frequency, Loss, Modulus, Storage, Viscoelasticity