Viscoelastic properties of bovine knee joint articular cartilage : dependency on thickness and loading frequency

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background
The knee is an incongruent joint predisposed to developing osteoarthritis, with certain regions being more at risk of cartilage degeneration even in non-osteoarthrosed joints.

At present it is unknown if knee regions prone to cartilage degeneration have similar storage and/or loss stiffness, and frequency-dependent trends, to other knee joint cartilage. The aim of this study was to determine the range of frequency-dependent, viscoelastic stiffness of articular cartilage across the bovine knee joint. Such changes were determined at frequencies associated with normal and rapid heel-strike rise times.

Methods
Cartilage on bone, obtained from bovine knee joints, was tested using dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA). DMA was performed at a range of frequencies between 1 and 88 Hz (i.e. relevant to normal and rapid heel-strike rise times). Viscoelastic stiffness of cartilage from the tibial plateau, femoral condyles and patellar groove were compared.

Results
For all samples the storage stiffness increased, but the loss stiffness remained constant, with frequency. They were also dependent on cartilage thickness. Both the loss stiffness and the storage stiffness decreased with cartilage thickness. Femoral condyles had the thinnest cartilage but had the highest storage and loss stiffness. Tibial plateau cartilage not covered by the meniscus had the thickest cartilage and lowest storage and loss stiffness.

Conclusion
Differences in regional thickness of knee joint cartilage correspond to altered frequency-dependent, viscoelastic stiffness.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number205
Number of pages10
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Volume15
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2014

Keywords

  • Articular cartilage, Dynamic mechanical analysis, Stiffness, Thickness, Viscoelasticity