Viscoelastic properties of a spinal posterior dynamic stabilisation device

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The purpose of this study was to quantify the frequency dependent viscoelastic properties of two types of spinal posterior dynamic stabilisation devices. In air at 37°C, the viscoelastic properties of six BDyn 1 level, six BDyn 2 level posterior dynamic stabilisation devices (S14 Implants, Pessac, France) and its elastomeric components (polycarbonate urethane and silicone) were measured using Dynamic Mechanical Analysis. The viscoelastic properties were measured over the frequency range 0.01 Hz to 30 Hz. The BDyn devices and its components were viscoelastic throughout the frequency range tested. The mean storage stiffness and mean loss stiffness of the BDyn 1 level device, BDyn 2 level device, silicone component and polycarbonate urethane component all presented a logarithmic relationship with respect to frequency. The storage stiffness of the BDyn 1 level device ranged from 95.56 N/mm to 119.29 N/mm, while the BDyn 2 level storage stiffness ranged from 39.41 N/mm to 42.82 N/mm. BDyn 1 level device and BDyn 2 level device loss stiffness ranged from 10.72 N/mm to 23.42 N/mm and 4.26 N/mm to 9.57 N/mm, respectively. No resonant frequencies were recorded for the devices or its components. The elastic property of BDyn 1 level device is influenced by the PCU and silicone components, in the physiological frequency range. The viscoelastic properties calculated in this study may be compared to spinal devices and spinal structures.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-526
JournalJournal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
Early online date18 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2016


  • BDyn Implant, Dynamic Mechanical Analysis, Frequency, Posterior Dynamic Stabilisation, Spine, Viscoelastic Properties