Vesicles in Nature and the Laboratory: Elucidation of Their Biological Properties and Synthesis of Increasingly Complex Synthetic Vesicles

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The important role of vesicles in many aspects of cell function is well-recognized, but only recently have sophisticated imaging techniques begun to reveal their ubiquity in nature. While we further our understanding of the biological properties of vesicles and their physiological functions, increasingly elegant artificial vesicles are being developed for a wide range of technological applications and basic research. Herein, we examine the state of the art of biological and synthetic vesicles and place their biological features in the context of recent synthetic developments, thus providing a unique overview of these complex and rapidly developing fields. The challenges and opportunities associated with future biological and synthetic studies of vesicles are also presented.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203–229
JournalAngewandte Chemie (International Edition)
Issue number12
Early online date16 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 13 Mar 2017


  • Biological vesicles, Compartmentalization, Polymersomes, Synthetic cells, Synthetic vesicles

ASJC Scopus subject areas