Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 Modulates Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-Mediated Angiogenesis via Nitric Oxide

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Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 Modulates Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-Mediated Angiogenesis via Nitric Oxide. / Bussolati, B; Dunk, C; Grohman, M; Kontos, CD; Mason, J; Ahmed, Asif.

In: The American Journal of Pathology, Vol. 159, 01.01.2001, p. 993-1008.

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@article{3555963fdde7425ba61ff4ad9464d267,
title = "Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 Modulates Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-Mediated Angiogenesis via Nitric Oxide",
abstract = "The known responses of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are mediated through VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2/KDR) in endothelial cells. However, it is unknown whether VEGFR-1 (Flt-1) is an inert decoy or a signaling receptor for VEGF during physiological or pathological angiogenesis. Here we report that VEGF-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) release is inhibited by blockade of VEGFR-1 and that VEGFR-1 via NO negatively regulates of VEGFR-2-mediated proliferation and promotes formation of capillary networks in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Inhibition of VEGFR-1 in a murine Matrigel angiogenesis assay induced large aneurysm-like structures. VEGF-induced capillary growth over 14 days was inhibited by anti-VEGFR-2-blocking antibody as determined by reduced tube length between capillary connections (P <0.0001) in an in vitro angiogenesis assay. In contrast, loss of VEGFR-1 activity with a neutralizing anti-VEGFR-1 antibody resulted in an increase in the accumulation of endothelial cells (P <0.0001) and a dramatic decrease in the number of capillary connections that were restored by the addition of NO donor. Porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) cells expressing human VEGFR-1 but not VEGFR-2 plated on growth factor-reduced Matrigel rearranged into tube-like structures that were prevented by anti-VEGFR-1 antibody or a cGMP inhibitor. VEGF stimulated NO release from VEGFR-1- but not VEGFR-2-transfected endothelial cells and placenta growth factor-1 stimulated NO release in HUVECs. Blockade of VEGFR-1 increased VEGF-mediated HUVEC proliferation that was inhibited by NO donors, and potentiated by NO synthase inhibitors. These data indicate that VEGFR-1 is a signaling receptor that promotes endothelial cell differentiation into vascular tubes, in part by limiting VEGFR-2-mediated endothelial cell proliferation via NO, which seems to be a molecular switch for endothelial cell differentiation.",
author = "B Bussolati and C Dunk and M Grohman and CD Kontos and J Mason and Asif Ahmed",
year = "2001",
month = jan,
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "159",
pages = "993--1008",
journal = "The American Journal of Pathology",
issn = "0002-9440",
publisher = "American Society for Investigative Pathology",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-1 Modulates Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor-Mediated Angiogenesis via Nitric Oxide

AU - Bussolati, B

AU - Dunk, C

AU - Grohman, M

AU - Kontos, CD

AU - Mason, J

AU - Ahmed, Asif

PY - 2001/1/1

Y1 - 2001/1/1

N2 - The known responses of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are mediated through VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2/KDR) in endothelial cells. However, it is unknown whether VEGFR-1 (Flt-1) is an inert decoy or a signaling receptor for VEGF during physiological or pathological angiogenesis. Here we report that VEGF-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) release is inhibited by blockade of VEGFR-1 and that VEGFR-1 via NO negatively regulates of VEGFR-2-mediated proliferation and promotes formation of capillary networks in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Inhibition of VEGFR-1 in a murine Matrigel angiogenesis assay induced large aneurysm-like structures. VEGF-induced capillary growth over 14 days was inhibited by anti-VEGFR-2-blocking antibody as determined by reduced tube length between capillary connections (P <0.0001) in an in vitro angiogenesis assay. In contrast, loss of VEGFR-1 activity with a neutralizing anti-VEGFR-1 antibody resulted in an increase in the accumulation of endothelial cells (P <0.0001) and a dramatic decrease in the number of capillary connections that were restored by the addition of NO donor. Porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) cells expressing human VEGFR-1 but not VEGFR-2 plated on growth factor-reduced Matrigel rearranged into tube-like structures that were prevented by anti-VEGFR-1 antibody or a cGMP inhibitor. VEGF stimulated NO release from VEGFR-1- but not VEGFR-2-transfected endothelial cells and placenta growth factor-1 stimulated NO release in HUVECs. Blockade of VEGFR-1 increased VEGF-mediated HUVEC proliferation that was inhibited by NO donors, and potentiated by NO synthase inhibitors. These data indicate that VEGFR-1 is a signaling receptor that promotes endothelial cell differentiation into vascular tubes, in part by limiting VEGFR-2-mediated endothelial cell proliferation via NO, which seems to be a molecular switch for endothelial cell differentiation.

AB - The known responses of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) are mediated through VEGF receptor-2 (VEGFR-2/KDR) in endothelial cells. However, it is unknown whether VEGFR-1 (Flt-1) is an inert decoy or a signaling receptor for VEGF during physiological or pathological angiogenesis. Here we report that VEGF-stimulated nitric oxide (NO) release is inhibited by blockade of VEGFR-1 and that VEGFR-1 via NO negatively regulates of VEGFR-2-mediated proliferation and promotes formation of capillary networks in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Inhibition of VEGFR-1 in a murine Matrigel angiogenesis assay induced large aneurysm-like structures. VEGF-induced capillary growth over 14 days was inhibited by anti-VEGFR-2-blocking antibody as determined by reduced tube length between capillary connections (P <0.0001) in an in vitro angiogenesis assay. In contrast, loss of VEGFR-1 activity with a neutralizing anti-VEGFR-1 antibody resulted in an increase in the accumulation of endothelial cells (P <0.0001) and a dramatic decrease in the number of capillary connections that were restored by the addition of NO donor. Porcine aortic endothelial (PAE) cells expressing human VEGFR-1 but not VEGFR-2 plated on growth factor-reduced Matrigel rearranged into tube-like structures that were prevented by anti-VEGFR-1 antibody or a cGMP inhibitor. VEGF stimulated NO release from VEGFR-1- but not VEGFR-2-transfected endothelial cells and placenta growth factor-1 stimulated NO release in HUVECs. Blockade of VEGFR-1 increased VEGF-mediated HUVEC proliferation that was inhibited by NO donors, and potentiated by NO synthase inhibitors. These data indicate that VEGFR-1 is a signaling receptor that promotes endothelial cell differentiation into vascular tubes, in part by limiting VEGFR-2-mediated endothelial cell proliferation via NO, which seems to be a molecular switch for endothelial cell differentiation.

M3 - Article

C2 - 11549592

VL - 159

SP - 993

EP - 1008

JO - The American Journal of Pathology

JF - The American Journal of Pathology

SN - 0002-9440

ER -