Vascular endothelial growth factor mRNA and protein do not change in parallel during non-inflammatory skeletal muscle ischaemia in rat

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Impaired blood flow is thought to induce a pro-angiogenic environment due to local hypoxia, yet prolonged mild ischaemia induces only modest capillary growth. We compared the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) mRNA and protein with capillary to fibre ratio (C: F) and muscle blood flow in extensor digitorum longus of rats that had undergone unilateral ligation of the common iliac artery. Resting blood flow during the first two weeks after ligation (3, 7 and 14 days) was decreased by approximately 60% but recovered partially after 5 weeks (36% reduction). Functional hyperaemia (9-fold increase in blood flow during contractions) was eliminated in the first week after ligation, with a moderate recovery seen after 14 and 35 days. Muscle histology confirmed the absence of tissue necrosis or inflammation. Both VEGF mRNA (60%, P


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)671-678
Number of pages8
JournalThe Journal of Physiology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sep 2006