Validation of the Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ) for assessment of surgical site infection in closed primary wounds after hospital discharge

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@article{d931bcf940244099a78e77c133f2d284,
title = "Validation of the Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ) for assessment of surgical site infection in closed primary wounds after hospital discharge",
abstract = "AbstractBackgroundAccurate assessment of surgical site infection (SSI) is crucial for surveillance andresearch. Self-report patient measures are needed because current SSI tools arelimited for assessing patients after leaving hospital. The Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ) was developed for patient or observer completion and thisstudy tested its acceptability, scale structure, reliability and validity in patients with closed primary wounds after abdominal surgery .MethodsPatients completed the WHQ (self-assessment) within 30 days after leaving hospitaland returned it by post. Healthcare professionals (HCPs) completed the WHQ (observer assessment) by telephone or face-to-face. Questionnaire response rates and patient acceptability were assessed. Factor analysis and Cronbach{\textquoteright}s alpha examined scale structure and internal consistency. Test-retest and self- versus observer reliability assessments were performed. Sensitivity and specificity for SSI discrimination against a face-to-face reference diagnosis (using Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria) was examined.Results591/792 (70.8%) self-assessments and 597/791 (74.4%) observer assessments were completed with few missing data and problems reported. Data supported a single scale structure with strong internal consistency (alpha >0.8). Reliability between test-retest and self- versus observer assessments was good (kappa > 0.6 for the majority of items). Sensitivity and specificity for SSI discrimination was high (area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve=0.9056).ConclusionsThe Bluebelle WHQ is acceptable, reliable and valid with a single scale structure for post-discharge patient or observer assessment of SSI in closed primary wounds. It is now ready for use in trials and routine practice.",
keywords = "surgical site infection, wound healing, questionnaire validation, outcome measure, wound assessment",
author = "Melanie Calvert and Jonathan Mathers",
year = "2018",
month = dec,
day = "17",
doi = "10.1002/bjs.11008",
language = "English",
volume = "106",
pages = "226--235",
journal = "British Journal of Surgery",
issn = "0007-1323",
publisher = "Wiley",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Validation of the Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ) for assessment of surgical site infection in closed primary wounds after hospital discharge

AU - Calvert, Melanie

AU - Mathers, Jonathan

PY - 2018/12/17

Y1 - 2018/12/17

N2 - AbstractBackgroundAccurate assessment of surgical site infection (SSI) is crucial for surveillance andresearch. Self-report patient measures are needed because current SSI tools arelimited for assessing patients after leaving hospital. The Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ) was developed for patient or observer completion and thisstudy tested its acceptability, scale structure, reliability and validity in patients with closed primary wounds after abdominal surgery .MethodsPatients completed the WHQ (self-assessment) within 30 days after leaving hospitaland returned it by post. Healthcare professionals (HCPs) completed the WHQ (observer assessment) by telephone or face-to-face. Questionnaire response rates and patient acceptability were assessed. Factor analysis and Cronbach’s alpha examined scale structure and internal consistency. Test-retest and self- versus observer reliability assessments were performed. Sensitivity and specificity for SSI discrimination against a face-to-face reference diagnosis (using Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria) was examined.Results591/792 (70.8%) self-assessments and 597/791 (74.4%) observer assessments were completed with few missing data and problems reported. Data supported a single scale structure with strong internal consistency (alpha >0.8). Reliability between test-retest and self- versus observer assessments was good (kappa > 0.6 for the majority of items). Sensitivity and specificity for SSI discrimination was high (area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve=0.9056).ConclusionsThe Bluebelle WHQ is acceptable, reliable and valid with a single scale structure for post-discharge patient or observer assessment of SSI in closed primary wounds. It is now ready for use in trials and routine practice.

AB - AbstractBackgroundAccurate assessment of surgical site infection (SSI) is crucial for surveillance andresearch. Self-report patient measures are needed because current SSI tools arelimited for assessing patients after leaving hospital. The Bluebelle Wound Healing Questionnaire (WHQ) was developed for patient or observer completion and thisstudy tested its acceptability, scale structure, reliability and validity in patients with closed primary wounds after abdominal surgery .MethodsPatients completed the WHQ (self-assessment) within 30 days after leaving hospitaland returned it by post. Healthcare professionals (HCPs) completed the WHQ (observer assessment) by telephone or face-to-face. Questionnaire response rates and patient acceptability were assessed. Factor analysis and Cronbach’s alpha examined scale structure and internal consistency. Test-retest and self- versus observer reliability assessments were performed. Sensitivity and specificity for SSI discrimination against a face-to-face reference diagnosis (using Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) criteria) was examined.Results591/792 (70.8%) self-assessments and 597/791 (74.4%) observer assessments were completed with few missing data and problems reported. Data supported a single scale structure with strong internal consistency (alpha >0.8). Reliability between test-retest and self- versus observer assessments was good (kappa > 0.6 for the majority of items). Sensitivity and specificity for SSI discrimination was high (area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve=0.9056).ConclusionsThe Bluebelle WHQ is acceptable, reliable and valid with a single scale structure for post-discharge patient or observer assessment of SSI in closed primary wounds. It is now ready for use in trials and routine practice.

KW - surgical site infection

KW - wound healing

KW - questionnaire validation

KW - outcome measure

KW - wound assessment

U2 - 10.1002/bjs.11008

DO - 10.1002/bjs.11008

M3 - Article

VL - 106

SP - 226

EP - 235

JO - British Journal of Surgery

JF - British Journal of Surgery

SN - 0007-1323

ER -