Utilizing Lentiviral Gene Transfer in Primary Endothelial Cells to Assess Lymphocyte-Endothelial Interactions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • School of Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental and Life Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, United Kingdom (P.S., A.T.T., N.K.M., M.D.B.J., G.W.B); and g.w.bassel@bham.ac.uk.
  • School of Biosciences, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. p.j.noy@bham.ac.uk.

Abstract

A major impediment when studying primary human endothelial cell function is the resistance of these cells to gene transfer. Here we describe methods for transferring genes into primary endothelial cells prior to incorporation into a static adhesion assay to analyze the adhesion and migration of isolated lymphocytes. Human embryonic kidney (HEK)-293T (HEK-293 cells expressing the large T-antigen of simian virus 40) cells are initially transfected with plasmids containing the lentiviral packaging and envelope genes and the target sequence, such as a gene of interest or short hairpin loop RNA (shRNA). These cells produce lentivirus packaged with this target sequence and are used to transduce primary human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Human peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs) isolated from venous blood are co-incubated with lentivirally transduced cytokine-stimulated endothelial cells to assess lymphocyte adhesion in a static adhesion assay. Direct observations of lymphocyte adhesion and migration over a time course can also be made. In general, lentiviral transduction of primary endothelial cells provides an invaluable system to manipulate gene expression levels when studying the cellular adhesion dynamics that regulate leukocyte adhesion and extravasation.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-168
Number of pages14
JournalMethods in molecular biology
Volume1591
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Cell Culture, Lentiviral transduction, Endothelial cells, Lymphocyte, Adhesion, Migration, Cytokines