Urinary 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide as a biomarker of exposure to various vehicle exhausts among highway toll station workers in Taipai, Taiwan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • CH Lai
  • SH Liou
  • TS Shih
  • PY Tsai
  • HL Chen
  • T Buckley
  • P Strickland


In this cross-sectional study, the authors evaluated urinary 1-hydroxypyrene-glucuronide (1-OHP-gluc) as a potential biomarker of exposure to various traffic exhausts. Subjects were 47 female highway toll-station workers and 27 female office workers in training for toll-station employment in Taipei, Taiwan. The mean concentration of urinary 1-OHP-gluc was 0.117 mu mol/mol creatinine in the exposed group and 0.073 mu mol/mol creatinine in the reference group (difference in mean concentrations: 0.044 mu mol/mol creatinine [95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.015, 0.072). In the lanes where tolls were collected from passenger cars, there was a significant relationship between cumulative traffic and 1-OHP-gluc concentration (i.e., average increase of 0.015 mu mol/mol creatinine [95% CI: 0.003, 0.027] per 1,000 vehicles). The average increase for truck/bus lanes was similar to that identified for the car lanes (i.e., average increase of 0.011 mu mol/mol creatinine [95% CI: -0.024, 0.045] per 1,000 vehicles). The authors determined that exposure to various traffic exhausts increased the urinary concentration of 1-OHP-gluc in a dose-response pattern, which suggests that this chemical may be a useful biomarker for exposure to vehicle exhausts.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-69
Number of pages9
JournalArch Environ Health
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2004