Up-regulation of MUC1 in mammary tumors generated in a double-transgenic mouse expressing human MUC1 cDNA, under the control of 1.4-kb 5? MUC1 promoter sequence and the middle T oncogene, expressed from the MMTV promoter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


  • RA Graham
  • Jo Morris
  • EP Cohen
  • J Taylor-Papadimitriou

Colleges, School and Institutes


In this study we examined the regulation of expression of the human MUC1 gene in vivo, by developing MUC1 transgenic mice. The data showed that epithelial-specific expression of MUC1 can be directed by just 1.4 kb of 5' flanking sequence using MUC1 cDNA as a reporter gene in vivo. Furthermore, high levels of MUC1 expression were seen in the lactating mammary gland and in spontaneous mammary tumors generated by crossing the MUC1 transgenics with mice transgenic for the polyoma middle T oncogene under the control of the mouse mammary tumor virus promoter. This pattern of expression in epithelial tissues is comparable to the expression of MUC1 in humans and also to the expression pattern in another transgenic mouse line developed with a 10.6-kb genomic MUC1 fragment. This study confirmed that MUC1 is a compact gene and demonstrated that the 1.4-kb 5' sequence not only directs epithelial-specific expression of MUC1 in vivo but also contains the elements governing the up-regulation observed during lactation and in malignancy.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-387
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cancer
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2001