Update semantics for weak necessity modals

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Standard

Update semantics for weak necessity modals. / Silk, Alex.

Deontic logic and normative systems (DEON 2016): 13th International Conference, DEON 2016, Bayreuth, Germany. ed. / Olivier Roy; Malte Willer; Allard Temminga. College Publications, 2016. p. 237-256.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review

Harvard

Silk, A 2016, Update semantics for weak necessity modals. in O Roy, M Willer & A Temminga (eds), Deontic logic and normative systems (DEON 2016): 13th International Conference, DEON 2016, Bayreuth, Germany. College Publications, pp. 237-256, Deontic Logic and Normative Systems, DEON 2016, Bayreuth, Germany, 18/07/16. <http://goo.gl/MwB6qm>

APA

Silk, A. (2016). Update semantics for weak necessity modals. In O. Roy, M. Willer, & A. Temminga (Eds.), Deontic logic and normative systems (DEON 2016): 13th International Conference, DEON 2016, Bayreuth, Germany (pp. 237-256). College Publications. http://goo.gl/MwB6qm

Vancouver

Silk A. Update semantics for weak necessity modals. In Roy O, Willer M, Temminga A, editors, Deontic logic and normative systems (DEON 2016): 13th International Conference, DEON 2016, Bayreuth, Germany. College Publications. 2016. p. 237-256

Author

Silk, Alex. / Update semantics for weak necessity modals. Deontic logic and normative systems (DEON 2016): 13th International Conference, DEON 2016, Bayreuth, Germany. editor / Olivier Roy ; Malte Willer ; Allard Temminga. College Publications, 2016. pp. 237-256

Bibtex

@inbook{153b2b78f85c465fa2828a9b6b6c7480,
title = "Update semantics for weak necessity modals",
abstract = "This paper develops an update semantics for weak necessity modals ({\textquoteleft}ought{\textquoteright}, {\textquoteleft}should{\textquoteright}).I start with the basic approach to the weak/strong necessity modal distinction developedin Silk 2012b: There is nothing specially “strong” about strong necessity modals;they can be given their familiar semantics of necessity, predicating the necessity ofthe prejacent of the evaluation world. The apparent “weakness” of weak necessitymodals results from their bracketing whether the necessity of the prejacent is veri-fied in the actual world. I formalize these ideas within an Update with Centeringframework (Bittner 2011). The meaning of {\textquoteleft}Should φ{\textquoteright} is explained, fundamentally, interms of how its use updates attention toward (semantically unspecified) possibilitiesin which φ is necessary. The semantics is also extended to deontic conditionals. Theproposed analyses capture various contrasting discourse properties of {\textquoteleft}should{\textquoteright} and{\textquoteleft}must{\textquoteright} — e.g. concerning context-sensitivity, entailingness, and force — and providean improved treatment of largely neglected data concerning information-sensitivity.I close by briefly considering several alternative static and dynamic implementations",
author = "Alex Silk",
year = "2016",
month = jun,
day = "15",
language = "English",
isbn = "978-1848902152",
pages = "237--256",
editor = "Olivier Roy and Malte Willer and Allard Temminga",
booktitle = "Deontic logic and normative systems (DEON 2016)",
publisher = "College Publications",
note = "Deontic Logic and Normative Systems, DEON 2016 : 13th International Conference ; Conference date: 18-07-2016 Through 21-07-2016",

}

RIS

TY - CHAP

T1 - Update semantics for weak necessity modals

AU - Silk, Alex

PY - 2016/6/15

Y1 - 2016/6/15

N2 - This paper develops an update semantics for weak necessity modals (‘ought’, ‘should’).I start with the basic approach to the weak/strong necessity modal distinction developedin Silk 2012b: There is nothing specially “strong” about strong necessity modals;they can be given their familiar semantics of necessity, predicating the necessity ofthe prejacent of the evaluation world. The apparent “weakness” of weak necessitymodals results from their bracketing whether the necessity of the prejacent is veri-fied in the actual world. I formalize these ideas within an Update with Centeringframework (Bittner 2011). The meaning of ‘Should φ’ is explained, fundamentally, interms of how its use updates attention toward (semantically unspecified) possibilitiesin which φ is necessary. The semantics is also extended to deontic conditionals. Theproposed analyses capture various contrasting discourse properties of ‘should’ and‘must’ — e.g. concerning context-sensitivity, entailingness, and force — and providean improved treatment of largely neglected data concerning information-sensitivity.I close by briefly considering several alternative static and dynamic implementations

AB - This paper develops an update semantics for weak necessity modals (‘ought’, ‘should’).I start with the basic approach to the weak/strong necessity modal distinction developedin Silk 2012b: There is nothing specially “strong” about strong necessity modals;they can be given their familiar semantics of necessity, predicating the necessity ofthe prejacent of the evaluation world. The apparent “weakness” of weak necessitymodals results from their bracketing whether the necessity of the prejacent is veri-fied in the actual world. I formalize these ideas within an Update with Centeringframework (Bittner 2011). The meaning of ‘Should φ’ is explained, fundamentally, interms of how its use updates attention toward (semantically unspecified) possibilitiesin which φ is necessary. The semantics is also extended to deontic conditionals. Theproposed analyses capture various contrasting discourse properties of ‘should’ and‘must’ — e.g. concerning context-sensitivity, entailingness, and force — and providean improved treatment of largely neglected data concerning information-sensitivity.I close by briefly considering several alternative static and dynamic implementations

UR - http://www.collegepublications.co.uk/DEON/?00001

M3 - Chapter (peer-reviewed)

SN - 978-1848902152

SP - 237

EP - 256

BT - Deontic logic and normative systems (DEON 2016)

A2 - Roy, Olivier

A2 - Willer, Malte

A2 - Temminga, Allard

PB - College Publications

T2 - Deontic Logic and Normative Systems, DEON 2016

Y2 - 18 July 2016 through 21 July 2016

ER -