Unpaid caregiving and paid work over life-courses: different pathways, diverging outcomes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Harvard

APA

Vancouver

Author

Bibtex

@article{2c9df024f78a427c8e1e648101b224cf,
title = "Unpaid caregiving and paid work over life-courses: different pathways, diverging outcomes",
abstract = "This paper investigates the extent to which people{\textquoteright}s earlier circumstances and experiences shape subsequent life-courses. We do this using UK longitudinal data to provide a dynamic analysis of employment and caregiving histories for 4339 people over 15-20 years between 1991 and 2010. We analyse these histories as sequences using optimal matching and cluster analysis to identify five distinct employment-caregiving pathways. Regression analysis shows that prior to embarking on these pathways, people are already differentiated by life-stage, gender and attitudes towards family and gender roles. Difference-in-differences estimation shows that some initial differences in income, subjective health and wellbeing widen over time, while others narrow. In particular, those following the most caregiving-intensive pathways not only end up poorer but also experience a relative decline in subjective health and wellbeing. These results confirm that early circumstances and experiences have a strong influence on later life-courses, consistent with pre-determination, persistence, and path dependence. ",
author = "Fiona Carmichael and Marco Ercolani",
year = "2016",
month = may,
doi = "10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.03.020",
language = "English",
volume = "156",
journal = "Social Science and Medicine",
issn = "0277-9536",
publisher = "Reed-Elsevier (India) Private Limited",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Unpaid caregiving and paid work over life-courses: different pathways, diverging outcomes

AU - Carmichael, Fiona

AU - Ercolani, Marco

PY - 2016/5

Y1 - 2016/5

N2 - This paper investigates the extent to which people’s earlier circumstances and experiences shape subsequent life-courses. We do this using UK longitudinal data to provide a dynamic analysis of employment and caregiving histories for 4339 people over 15-20 years between 1991 and 2010. We analyse these histories as sequences using optimal matching and cluster analysis to identify five distinct employment-caregiving pathways. Regression analysis shows that prior to embarking on these pathways, people are already differentiated by life-stage, gender and attitudes towards family and gender roles. Difference-in-differences estimation shows that some initial differences in income, subjective health and wellbeing widen over time, while others narrow. In particular, those following the most caregiving-intensive pathways not only end up poorer but also experience a relative decline in subjective health and wellbeing. These results confirm that early circumstances and experiences have a strong influence on later life-courses, consistent with pre-determination, persistence, and path dependence.

AB - This paper investigates the extent to which people’s earlier circumstances and experiences shape subsequent life-courses. We do this using UK longitudinal data to provide a dynamic analysis of employment and caregiving histories for 4339 people over 15-20 years between 1991 and 2010. We analyse these histories as sequences using optimal matching and cluster analysis to identify five distinct employment-caregiving pathways. Regression analysis shows that prior to embarking on these pathways, people are already differentiated by life-stage, gender and attitudes towards family and gender roles. Difference-in-differences estimation shows that some initial differences in income, subjective health and wellbeing widen over time, while others narrow. In particular, those following the most caregiving-intensive pathways not only end up poorer but also experience a relative decline in subjective health and wellbeing. These results confirm that early circumstances and experiences have a strong influence on later life-courses, consistent with pre-determination, persistence, and path dependence.

U2 - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.03.020

DO - 10.1016/j.socscimed.2016.03.020

M3 - Article

VL - 156

JO - Social Science and Medicine

JF - Social Science and Medicine

SN - 0277-9536

ER -