Understanding the glacial methane cycle

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Understanding the glacial methane cycle. / Hopcroft, Peter O.; Valdes, Paul J.; O'Connor, Fiona M.; Kaplan, Jed O.; Beerling, David J.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 8, 14383, 21.02.2017.

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Hopcroft, Peter O. ; Valdes, Paul J. ; O'Connor, Fiona M. ; Kaplan, Jed O. ; Beerling, David J. / Understanding the glacial methane cycle. In: Nature Communications. 2017 ; Vol. 8.

Bibtex

@article{2a2926b2719342debb9aac598f18904d,
title = "Understanding the glacial methane cycle",
abstract = "Atmospheric methane (CH 4) varied with climate during the Quaternary, rising from a concentration of 375 p.p.b.v. during the last glacial maximum (LGM) 21,000 years ago, to 680 p.p.b.v. at the beginning of the industrial revolution. However, the causes of this increase remain unclear; proposed hypotheses rely on fluctuations in either the magnitude of CH 4 sources or CH 4 atmospheric lifetime, or both. Here we use an Earth System model to provide a comprehensive assessment of these competing hypotheses, including estimates of uncertainty. We show that in this model, the global LGM CH 4 source was reduced by 28-46%, and the lifetime increased by 2-8%, with a best-estimate LGM CH 4 concentration of 463-480 p.p.b.v. Simulating the observed LGM concentration requires a 46-49% reduction in sources, indicating that we cannot reconcile the observed amplitude. This highlights the need for better understanding of the effects of low CO 2 and cooler climate on wetlands and other natural CH 4 sources.",
author = "Hopcroft, {Peter O.} and Valdes, {Paul J.} and O'Connor, {Fiona M.} and Kaplan, {Jed O.} and Beerling, {David J.}",
year = "2017",
month = feb
day = "21",
doi = "Hopcroft_et_al_Understanding_the_glacial_methane_cycle_Nature_Communications_2017",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Nature Communications",
issn = "2041-1723",
publisher = "Springer",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Understanding the glacial methane cycle

AU - Hopcroft, Peter O.

AU - Valdes, Paul J.

AU - O'Connor, Fiona M.

AU - Kaplan, Jed O.

AU - Beerling, David J.

PY - 2017/2/21

Y1 - 2017/2/21

N2 - Atmospheric methane (CH 4) varied with climate during the Quaternary, rising from a concentration of 375 p.p.b.v. during the last glacial maximum (LGM) 21,000 years ago, to 680 p.p.b.v. at the beginning of the industrial revolution. However, the causes of this increase remain unclear; proposed hypotheses rely on fluctuations in either the magnitude of CH 4 sources or CH 4 atmospheric lifetime, or both. Here we use an Earth System model to provide a comprehensive assessment of these competing hypotheses, including estimates of uncertainty. We show that in this model, the global LGM CH 4 source was reduced by 28-46%, and the lifetime increased by 2-8%, with a best-estimate LGM CH 4 concentration of 463-480 p.p.b.v. Simulating the observed LGM concentration requires a 46-49% reduction in sources, indicating that we cannot reconcile the observed amplitude. This highlights the need for better understanding of the effects of low CO 2 and cooler climate on wetlands and other natural CH 4 sources.

AB - Atmospheric methane (CH 4) varied with climate during the Quaternary, rising from a concentration of 375 p.p.b.v. during the last glacial maximum (LGM) 21,000 years ago, to 680 p.p.b.v. at the beginning of the industrial revolution. However, the causes of this increase remain unclear; proposed hypotheses rely on fluctuations in either the magnitude of CH 4 sources or CH 4 atmospheric lifetime, or both. Here we use an Earth System model to provide a comprehensive assessment of these competing hypotheses, including estimates of uncertainty. We show that in this model, the global LGM CH 4 source was reduced by 28-46%, and the lifetime increased by 2-8%, with a best-estimate LGM CH 4 concentration of 463-480 p.p.b.v. Simulating the observed LGM concentration requires a 46-49% reduction in sources, indicating that we cannot reconcile the observed amplitude. This highlights the need for better understanding of the effects of low CO 2 and cooler climate on wetlands and other natural CH 4 sources.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85013271813&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - Hopcroft_et_al_Understanding_the_glacial_methane_cycle_Nature_Communications_2017

DO - Hopcroft_et_al_Understanding_the_glacial_methane_cycle_Nature_Communications_2017

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85013271813

VL - 8

JO - Nature Communications

JF - Nature Communications

SN - 2041-1723

M1 - 14383

ER -