Umbite type zirconium germanates for Cs removal

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Pure and Nb-doped zirconium germanate materials of composition K2-xZr1-xNbxGe3O9.H2O where x = 0, 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 with the structure of the natural mineral umbite have been prepared in high yield using hydrothermal synthesis methods. The parent material displays virtually no ion exchange of the K+ for Cs+ but the doped materials show rapidly enhanced exchange with replacement of ca. 70% of the K+ by Cs+ for the 30% doped material. Rietveld analysis of the powder X-ray diffraction data is consistent with no change in the unit cell parameters or K+ bonding prior to the exchange, hence we propose the improved property is due to the creation of cation defect sites within the pores of the material that facilities greater cation mobility and leads to exchange.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)729-734
Number of pages6
JournalMRS Advances
Issue number13
Early online date13 Feb 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • ion-exchange material, Cs, waste management