Trends in the development of environmentally friendly fouling-resistant marine coatings.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colleges, School and Institutes


'Marine biofouling', the undesired growth of marine organisms such as microorganisms, barnacles and seaweeds on submerged surfaces, is a global problem for maritime industries, with both economic and environmental penalties. The primary strategy for combating marine fouling is to use biocide-containing paints, but environmental concerns and legislation are driving science and technology towards non-biocidal solutions based solely on physico-chemical and materials properties of coatings. Advances in nanotechnology and polymer science, and the development of novel surface designs 'bioinspired' by nature, are expected to have a significant impact on the development of a new generation of environmentally friendly marine coatings.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244
Number of pages1
JournalNature Communications
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011