Transient reduction in IgA+ and IgG+ memory B cell numbers in young EBV-seropositive children: the Generation R Study
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article
Colleges, School and Institutes
- Department of Immunology, Erasmus Medical Center, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
- The Generation R Study Group, Erasmus Medical Center, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
- Institute of Cancer and Genomic Sciences, College of Medical and Dental Sciences, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, United Kingdom.
- Department of Pediatrics, Erasmus Medical Center-Sophia, Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
- Department of Immunology, Erasmus Medical Center, University Medical Center, Rotterdam, the Netherlands; email@example.com.
The EBV is known to persist in memory B cells, but it remains unclear how this affects cell numbers and humoral immunity. We here studied EBV persistence in memory B cell subsets and consequences on B cell memory in young children. EBV genome loads were quantified in 6 memory B cell subsets in EBV(+) adults. The effects of EBV infection on memory B cell numbers and vaccination responses were studied longitudinally in children within the Generation R population cohort between 14 mo and 6 yr of age. EBV genomes were more numerous in CD27(+)IgG(+), CD27(+)IgA(+), and CD27(-)IgA(+) memory B cells than in IgM-only, natural effector, and CD27(-)IgG(+) B cells. The blood counts of IgM-only, CD27(+)IgA(+), CD27(-)IgG(+), and CD27(+)IgG(+) memory B cells were significantly lower in EBV(+) children than in uninfected controls at 14 mo of age-the age when these cells peak in numbers. At 6 yr, all of these memory B cell counts had normalized, as had plasma IgG levels to previous primary measles and booster tetanus vaccinations. In conclusion, EBV persists predominantly in Ig class-switched memory B cells, even when derived from T cell-independent responses (CD27(-)IgA(+)), and EBV infection results in a transient depletion of these cells in young children.
|Journal||Journal of Leukocyte Biology|
|Early online date||7 Nov 2016|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2017|
- pediatric infection, herpes virus, humoral immunity, Epstein-Barr virus