Transcranial random-noise stimulation of visual cortex potentiates value-driven attentional capture

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Martijn G. van Koningsbruggen
  • Stefania C. Ficarella
  • Lorella Battelli
  • Clayton Hickey

Abstract

Reward feedback following visual search causes the visual characteristics of targets to become salient and attentiondrawing, but little is known about the mechanisms underlying this value-driven capture effect. Here, we use transcranial random noise stimulation (tRNS) to demonstrate that such reward potentiation involves induced plasticity in visual cortex. Human participants completed a feature-search reward-learning task involving the selection of a red or green colored target presented among distractors of various color. Each correct trial garnered reward and the magnitude of reward was determined by the color of the target. Three groups completed this task: two groups received tRNS over either occipital or frontal cortex, and the third group received sham stimulation as a control. In a subsequent test phase of the experiment participants searched for a unique shape presented among colored distractors. During the test phase, no tRNS was applied and no reward was available. However, in some trials a single distractor had color matching that associated with reward during training. Search for the target was impacted by the presence of such reward-associated distractors in the occipital stimulation group, demonstrating that plasticity in visual cortex contributes to value-driven attentional capture.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1481-1488
Number of pages8
JournalSocial Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience
Volume11
Issue number9
Early online date18 May 2016
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2016

Keywords

  • Attention, Plasticity, Reward, Transcranial random noise stimulation, Value-driven attentional capture