Tournament quasirandomness from local counting

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • Matija Bucić
  • Eoin Long
  • Asaf Shapira
  • Benny Sudakov

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • ETH Zurich
  • Tel Aviv Univ


A well-known theorem of Chung and Graham states that if h≥4 then a tournament T is quasirandom if and only if T contains each h-vertex tournament the "correct number" of times as a subtournament. In this paper we investigate the relationship between quasirandomness of T and the count of a single h-vertex tournament H in T. We consider two types of counts, the global one and the local one.

We first observe that if T has the correct global count of H and h≥7 then quasirandomness of T is only forced if H is transitive. The next natural question when studying quasirandom objects asks whether possessing the correct local counts of H is enough to force quasirandomness of T. A tournament H is said to be locally forcing if it has this property.

Variants of the local forcing problem have been studied before in both the graph and hypergraph settings. Perhaps the closest analogue of our problem was considered by Simonovits and Sós who looked at whether having "correct counts" of a fixed graph H as an induced subgraph of G implies G must be quasirandom, in an appropriate sense. They proved that this is indeed the case when H is regular and conjectured that it holds for all H (except the path on 3 vertices). Contrary to the Simonovits-Sós conjecture, in the tournament setting we prove that a constant proportion of all tournaments are not locally forcing. In fact, any locally forcing tournament must itself be strongly quasirandom. On the other hand, unlike the global forcing case, we construct infinite families of non-transitive locally forcing tournaments.

Bibliographic note

Not yet published as of 12/01/2021.


Original languageEnglish
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 11 Jun 2020


  • Tournament, Quasirandomness