Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness

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Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness. / Davies, RG; Orme, CDL; Storch, D; Olson, VA; Thomas, GH; Ross, SG; Ding, TS; Rasmussen, PC; Bennett, PM; Owens, IPF; Blackburn, Timothy; Gaston, KL.

In: Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences, Vol. 274, No. 1614, 01.05.2007, p. 1189-1197.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Davies, RG, Orme, CDL, Storch, D, Olson, VA, Thomas, GH, Ross, SG, Ding, TS, Rasmussen, PC, Bennett, PM, Owens, IPF, Blackburn, T & Gaston, KL 2007, 'Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness', Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences, vol. 274, no. 1614, pp. 1189-1197. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.0061

APA

Davies, RG., Orme, CDL., Storch, D., Olson, VA., Thomas, GH., Ross, SG., Ding, TS., Rasmussen, PC., Bennett, PM., Owens, IPF., Blackburn, T., & Gaston, KL. (2007). Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness. Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences, 274(1614), 1189-1197. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2006.0061

Vancouver

Author

Davies, RG ; Orme, CDL ; Storch, D ; Olson, VA ; Thomas, GH ; Ross, SG ; Ding, TS ; Rasmussen, PC ; Bennett, PM ; Owens, IPF ; Blackburn, Timothy ; Gaston, KL. / Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness. In: Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences. 2007 ; Vol. 274, No. 1614. pp. 1189-1197.

Bibtex

@article{7349a1080f934846bac9c6544330fddc,
title = "Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness",
abstract = "A major goal of ecology is to determine the causes of the latitudinal gradient in global distribution of species richness. Current evidence points to either energy availability or habitat heterogeneity as the most likely environmental drivers in terrestrial systems, but their relative importance is controversial in the absence of analyses of global (rather than continental or regional) extent. Here we use data on the global distribution of extant continental and continental island bird species to test the explanatory power of energy availability and habitat heterogeneity while simultaneously addressing issues of spatial resolution, spatial autocorrelation, geometric constraints upon species' range dynamics, and the impact of human populations and historical glacial ice-cover. At the finest resolution (1 degrees), topographical variability and temperature are identified as the most important global predictors of avian species richness in multipredictor models. Topographical variability is most important in single-predictor models, followed by productive energy. Adjusting for null expectations based on geometric constraints on species richness improves overall model fit but has negligible impact on tests of environmental predictors. Conclusions concerning the relative importance of environmental predictors of species richness cannot be extrapolated from one biogeographic realm to others or the globe. Rather a global perspective confirms the primary importance of mountain ranges in high-energy areas.",
keywords = "topography, species-energy theory, species richness, habitat heterogeneity, geometric constraints, global biodiversity",
author = "RG Davies and CDL Orme and D Storch and VA Olson and GH Thomas and SG Ross and TS Ding and PC Rasmussen and PM Bennett and IPF Owens and Timothy Blackburn and KL Gaston",
year = "2007",
month = may,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2006.0061",
language = "English",
volume = "274",
pages = "1189--1197",
journal = "Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "The Royal Society",
number = "1614",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Topography, energy and the global distribution of bird species richness

AU - Davies, RG

AU - Orme, CDL

AU - Storch, D

AU - Olson, VA

AU - Thomas, GH

AU - Ross, SG

AU - Ding, TS

AU - Rasmussen, PC

AU - Bennett, PM

AU - Owens, IPF

AU - Blackburn, Timothy

AU - Gaston, KL

PY - 2007/5/1

Y1 - 2007/5/1

N2 - A major goal of ecology is to determine the causes of the latitudinal gradient in global distribution of species richness. Current evidence points to either energy availability or habitat heterogeneity as the most likely environmental drivers in terrestrial systems, but their relative importance is controversial in the absence of analyses of global (rather than continental or regional) extent. Here we use data on the global distribution of extant continental and continental island bird species to test the explanatory power of energy availability and habitat heterogeneity while simultaneously addressing issues of spatial resolution, spatial autocorrelation, geometric constraints upon species' range dynamics, and the impact of human populations and historical glacial ice-cover. At the finest resolution (1 degrees), topographical variability and temperature are identified as the most important global predictors of avian species richness in multipredictor models. Topographical variability is most important in single-predictor models, followed by productive energy. Adjusting for null expectations based on geometric constraints on species richness improves overall model fit but has negligible impact on tests of environmental predictors. Conclusions concerning the relative importance of environmental predictors of species richness cannot be extrapolated from one biogeographic realm to others or the globe. Rather a global perspective confirms the primary importance of mountain ranges in high-energy areas.

AB - A major goal of ecology is to determine the causes of the latitudinal gradient in global distribution of species richness. Current evidence points to either energy availability or habitat heterogeneity as the most likely environmental drivers in terrestrial systems, but their relative importance is controversial in the absence of analyses of global (rather than continental or regional) extent. Here we use data on the global distribution of extant continental and continental island bird species to test the explanatory power of energy availability and habitat heterogeneity while simultaneously addressing issues of spatial resolution, spatial autocorrelation, geometric constraints upon species' range dynamics, and the impact of human populations and historical glacial ice-cover. At the finest resolution (1 degrees), topographical variability and temperature are identified as the most important global predictors of avian species richness in multipredictor models. Topographical variability is most important in single-predictor models, followed by productive energy. Adjusting for null expectations based on geometric constraints on species richness improves overall model fit but has negligible impact on tests of environmental predictors. Conclusions concerning the relative importance of environmental predictors of species richness cannot be extrapolated from one biogeographic realm to others or the globe. Rather a global perspective confirms the primary importance of mountain ranges in high-energy areas.

KW - topography

KW - species-energy theory

KW - species richness

KW - habitat heterogeneity

KW - geometric constraints

KW - global biodiversity

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2006.0061

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2006.0061

M3 - Article

C2 - 17311781

VL - 274

SP - 1189

EP - 1197

JO - Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences

JF - Royal Society of London. Proceedings B. Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1614

ER -