Topochemical reduction of La2NiO3F2: the first Ni-based Ruddlesden-Popper n = 1 T’-type structure and the impact of reduction on magnetic ordering

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


  • kerstin wissel
  • ali muhammad malik
  • sami vasala
  • sergi Plana-Ruiz
  • ute Kolb
  • ivana da silva
  • lambert Alff
  • oliver clemens

Colleges, School and Institutes


Within this study, we show that a broad range of reduced phases La2NiO3F2−Δ can be derived from Ruddlesden–Popper-type  La2NiO3F2 using a reductive topochemical defluorination method based on reactions between the oxyfluoride and sodium hydride. The selective extraction of fluoride results in strong structural changes, and the nuclear and magnetic structures of the obtained phases have been determined. Due to the high anion content in La2NiO3F2, the formation of Ni+-containing compounds has been observed under reduction. For the first time, this has led to the formation of the highest reduced end member with a T′-type structure with an approximate composition of La2NiO3F in the n = 1 Ruddlesden–Popper-type series containing only Ni+ as the B-cation. This compound can be described as stacking of alternating (La/O2/La) fluorite-type layers with Lan–1(NiO2)n infinite layer structural blocks. The underlying reaction mechanism has been investigated by means of X-ray and neutron diffraction, elemental analysis, and magnetic measurements. Furthermore, to gain a deeper understanding of structural distortions, density functional theory-based calculations were performed, providing information about structural rearrangements upon defluorination and magnetic interactions. It is highlighted that the presence of even small amounts of d9-configured Ni+ cations leads to strong structural changes in a2NiO3F1.93, introducing long-range antiferromagnetic ordering between the adjacent perovskite building blocks by increasing the Ni–X–X–Ni super-superexchange interactions as compared to stoichiometric a2NiO3F2.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3160–3179
Number of pages20
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number7
Early online date6 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - 14 Apr 2020