Threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence spectroscopy and selected ion flow tube cation-molecule reaction studies of cyclic-C4F8

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Colleges, School and Institutes


Using tunable vacuum-UV radiation from a synchrotron, the threshold photoelectron and threshold photoelectron photoion coincidence spectra of cyclic-C\(_4\)F\(_8\) in the range 11–25 eV have been recorded. The parent ion is observed very weakly at threshold, 11.60 eV, and is most likely to have cyclic geometry. Ion yield curves and branching ratios have been determined for five fragments. Above threshold, the first ion observed is C\(_3\)F\(_5^+\), at slightly higher energy C\(_2\)F\(_4^+\), then successively CF\(_3^+\), CF\(_2^+\) and CF\(^+\) are formed. The dominant ions are C\(_3\)F\(_5^+\) and C\(_2\)F\(_4^+\), with the data suggesting the presence of a barrier in the exit channel to production of C\(_3\)F\(_5^+\) whilst no barrier to production of C\(_2\)F\(_4^+\). In complementary experiments, the product branching ratios and rate coefficients have been measured in a selected ion flow tube at 298 K for the bimolecular reactions of cyclic-C\(_4\)F\(_8\) with a large number of atomic and small molecular cations. Below the energy where charge transfer becomes energetically allowed, only one of the ions, CF\(_2^+\), reacts. Above this energy, all but one of the remaining ions reacts. Experimental rate coefficients are consistently greater than the collisional values calculated from modified average dipole orientation theory. The inclusion of an additional ion-quadrupole interaction has allowed better agreement to be achieved. With the exception of N\(^+\), a comparison of the fragment ion branching ratios from the TPEPICO and SIFT data suggest that long-range charge transfer is the dominate mechanism for reactions of ions with recombination energy between 12.9 and 15.8 eV. For all other ions, either short-range charge transfer or a chemical reaction, involving cleavage and making of new bond(s), is the dominant mechanism.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3643-3652
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Issue number31
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006