Thermodynamics of ternary mixtures exhibiting tunnel phase behaviour. Part 1. - Cyclohexane-perdeuterocyclohexane-perfluorohexane

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Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The liquid-liquid phase separation temperatures T for the binary mixtures cyclohexane or perdeuterocyclohexane-perfluorohexane and for the ternary mixture (equivolume cyclohexane-perdeuterocyclohexane)-perfluorohexane have been determined by visual observation. Perdeuteriation of cyclohexane lowers the upper critical solution temperature T from 346.16 to 337.69 K but the shape of the phase diagram in terms of the Wegner extended scaling series is unaltered. In contrast, although the maximum separation temperature of the ternary mixture T is little different from T of cyclohexane-perfluorohexane, the shape of the T vs. perfluorohexane mole fraction curve is substantially different. The results cast some doubt on the assumption that the thermodynamics of a solution, and hence the surface structure, in a contrast-matched solvent in reflectivity measurement is the same as would be obtained in the pure solvent.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2255-2262
Number of pages8
JournalChemical Society. Faraday Transactions. Journal
Volume92
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jun 1996