Thermal energy storage using metal–organic framework materials

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Authors

  • Ahmed Elsayed
  • Eman Elsayed
  • Amr Elshaer
  • Waseem Kaialy

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Birmingham University
  • Coventry University
  • University of Alexandria
  • Kingston University
  • University of Wolverhampton

Abstract

Metal–organic framework (MOF) materials are new adsorbent materials that have high surface area and pore volume and hence high adsorption uptake. The previous exceptional properties make this class of materials have a great potential in many applications like cooling, gas separation and energy storage. However, there is very limited information on the performance of metal–organic framework materials in energy storage applications and their performance compared to conventional adsorbents. This paper aims to present an experimental characterisation of CPO-27(Ni) MOF material for water adsorption and to investigate its viability for energy storage. CPO-27(Ni) (known as MOF-74(Ni)), which is a MOF material that has high water adsorption capabilities of 0.47 gH2O gads−1 and hydrothermally stable and can be supplied in large quantities. Firstly, the material water adsorption isotherms were predicated using Materials Studio software via the material structure information and then compared to the experimentally measured isotherms. The experimentally measured isotherms and kinetics were used to model a double bed adsorption system for energy storage application using Simulink–Matlab software coupled with Nist RefProp thermophysical routines. Finally, the performance of CPO-27(Ni) was then compared with silica gel. The CPO-27(Ni) was found to outperform silica gel at long half cycle time (more than 30 min) at low evaporating temperature making it suitable for energy storage applications. The energy stored in the condenser and the adsorption bed was found to be dependent mostly on the regeneration and the cooling temperatures. The potential of the energy recovered from the adsorption bed can be double the one recovered from the condenser. Also, the energy recovery during condensation and adsorption was found to be independent of the reactor conductance except at small conductance ratio. Finally, the adsorption unit cooling water flow strategy was found to affect the amount of the energy recovered as recirculating the cooling water through the adsorption bed and then condenser was found to decrease the recovered energy from the condenser by 4%.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-519
Number of pages11
JournalApplied Energy
Volume186
Issue numberPart 3
Early online date5 Apr 2016
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2017

Keywords

  • Adsorption, Characterisation, Energy storage, Metal organic frameworks