The utility of different representations of protein sequence for predicting functional class

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Colleges, School and Institutes


Motivation: Data Mining Prediction (DMP) is a novel approach to predicting protein functional class from sequence. DMP works even in the absence of a homologous protein of known function. We investigate the utility of different ways of representing protein sequence in DMP (residue frequencies, phylogeny, predicted structure) using the Escherichia coli genome as a model. Results: Using the different representations DMP learnt prediction rules that were more accurate than default at every level of function using every type of representation. The most effective way to represent sequence was using phylogeny (75% accuracy and 13% coverage of unassigned ORFs at the most general level of function: 69% accuracy and 7% coverage at the most detailed). We tested different methods for combining predictions from the different types of representation. These improved both the accuracy and coverage of predictions, e.g. 40% of all unassigned ORFs could be predicted at an estimated accuracy of 60% and 5% of unassigned ORFs could be predicted at an estimated accuracy of 86%. Availability: The rules and data are freely available. Warmr is free to academics. Contact:


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)445-454
Number of pages10
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2001


  • bioinformatics, data mining, inductive logic programming, relational learning, scientific knowledge