The stromal cell antigen CD248 (endosialin) is expressed on naive CD8(+) human T cells and regulates proliferation.

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Authors

Abstract

CD248 (endosialin) is a transmembrane glycoprotein that is dynamically expressed on pericytes and fibroblasts during tissue development, tumour neovascularization and inflammation. Its role in tissue remodelling is associated with increased stromal cell proliferation and migration. We show that CD248 is also uniquely expressed by human, but not mouse (C57BL/6), CD8(+) naive T cells. CD248 is found only on CD8(+)  CCR7(+) CD11a(low) naive T cells and on CD8 single-positive T cells in the thymus. Transfection of the CD248 negative T-cell line MOLT-4 with CD248 cDNA surprisingly reduced cell proliferation. Knock-down of CD248 on naive CD8 T cells increased cell proliferation. These data demonstrate opposing functions for CD248 on haematopoietic (CD8(+) ) versus stromal cells and suggests that CD248 helps to maintain naive CD8(+) human T cells in a quiescent state.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article number8
Pages (from-to)288-295
JournalImmunology
Volume133
Issue number3
Early online date4 Jun 2011
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2011