The simultaneous type, serial token model of temporal attention and working memory

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

A detailed description of the simultaneous type, serial token (ST2) model is presented. ST2 is a model of temporal attention and working memory that encapsulates 5 principles: (a) M. M. Chun and M. C. Potter's (1995) 2-stage model, (b) a Stage 1 salience filter, (c) N. G. Kanwisher's (1987, 1991) types-tokens distinction, (d) a transient attentional enhancement, and (e) a mechanism for associating types with tokens called the binding pool. The authors instantiate this theoretical position in a connectionist implementation, called neural-ST2, which they illustrate by modeling temporal attention results focused on the attentional blink (AB). They demonstrate that the ST2 model explains a spectrum of AB findings. Furthermore, they highlight a number of new temporal attention predictions arising from the ST2 theory, which are tested in a series of behavioral experiments. Finally, the authors review major AB models and theories and compare them with ST2.

Bibliographic note

((c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved).

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-70
Number of pages33
JournalPsychological Review
Volume114
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007

Keywords

  • Attention, Blinking, Humans, Memory, Models, Psychological, Nerve Net, Time Factors