The role of Syk/CARD9 coupled C-type lectins in antifungal immunity

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Authors

Colleges, School and Institutes

External organisations

  • Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Chiba University
  • University of Tokyo

Abstract

Fungal infections are affecting an increasing number of people, and the failure of current therapies in treating systemic infection has resulted in an unacceptably high mortality rate. It is therefore of importance that we understand immune mechanisms operating during fungal infections, in order to facilitate development of adjunctive immunotherapies for the treatment of these diseases. C-type lectin receptors (CLRs) are pattern recognition receptors (PRRs) that are critical for immune responses to fungi. Many of these receptors are coupled to Syk kinase, which allows these receptors to signal via CARD9 leading to NF-κB activation, which in turn contributes to the induction of both innate and adaptive immunity. Dectin-1, Dectin-2 and Mincle are all CLRs that share this common signalling mechanism and have been shown to play key roles in antifungal immunity. This review aims to update existing paradigms and summarise the most recent findings on these CLRs, their signal transduction mechanisms and the collaborations between these CLRs and other PRRs.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-281
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume41
Issue number2
Early online date10 Dec 2010
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Antifungal immunity, Dectin-1, Dectin-2, Mincle

ASJC Scopus subject areas