The role of oxidation damage in fatigue crack initiation of an advanced Ni-based superalloy

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  • Rolls Royce PLC

Abstract

The effects of prior oxidation on the room temperature fatigue life of coarse-grained Ni-based superalloy, RR1000, have been investigated. High cycle fatigue tests were conducted, on both machined and pre-oxidised testpieces, at room temperature at an R ratio of 0.1. The oxidation damage was produced by pre-exposures at 700 °C for either 100 or 2000 h. Pre-oxidised testpieces tended to fail with shorter fatigue lives than those obtained from the as-machined testpieces although they were also observed to outperform the as-machined test pieces at peak stress levels around 900 MPa. The chromia scale and intergranular alumina intrusions formed during pre-oxidation are prone to crack under fatigue loading leading to early crack nucleation and an associated reduction in fatigue life. This has been confirmed to be the case both below and above a peak stress level of ∼900 MPa. The better fatigue performance of the pre-oxidised specimens around this stress level is attributed to plastic yielding of the weaker γ′ denuded zone, which effectively eases the stress concentration introduced by the cracking of the chromia scale and intergranular internal oxides. This γ′ denuded zone is also a product of pre-oxidation and develops as a result of the selective oxidation of Al and Ti. Over a limited stress range, its presence confers a beneficial effect of oxidation on fatigue life.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-274
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Fatigue
Volume81
Early online date28 Aug 2015
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Oxidation, Fatigue crack initiation, High cycle fatigue, RR1000