The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in delivering energy security for the UK

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Standard

The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in delivering energy security for the UK. / Steinberger-Wilckens, Robert (Editor); Dodds, Paul (Editor); Kurban, Zeynep (Editor); Velazquez Abad, Anthony (Editor); Radcliffe, Jonathan (Editor).

London : H2FC SUPERGEN, 2017. 182 p. (H2FC SUPERGEN Hub White Papers).

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Harvard

Steinberger-Wilckens, R, Dodds, P, Kurban, Z, Velazquez Abad, A & Radcliffe, J (eds) 2017, The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in delivering energy security for the UK. H2FC SUPERGEN Hub White Papers, H2FC SUPERGEN, London. <http://www.h2fcsupergen.com/our-work/whitepapers/>

APA

Vancouver

Steinberger-Wilckens R, (ed.), Dodds P, (ed.), Kurban Z, (ed.), Velazquez Abad A, (ed.), Radcliffe J, (ed.). The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in delivering energy security for the UK. London: H2FC SUPERGEN, 2017. 182 p. (H2FC SUPERGEN Hub White Papers).

Author

Steinberger-Wilckens, Robert (Editor) ; Dodds, Paul (Editor) ; Kurban, Zeynep (Editor) ; Velazquez Abad, Anthony (Editor) ; Radcliffe, Jonathan (Editor). / The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in delivering energy security for the UK. London : H2FC SUPERGEN, 2017. 182 p. (H2FC SUPERGEN Hub White Papers).

Bibtex

@book{5ea35cdc578340699d756ee9c5a08667,
title = "The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in delivering energy security for the UK",
abstract = "Hydrogen is a fuel that offers zero point-of-use emissions and can be produced from a wide variety of energy input. Fuel Cells are a conversion technology that allows high efficiencies of energy supply. The UK energy security strategies do not yet embrace the potential these technologies offer. This White Paper therefore describes how hydrogen and fuel cells can contribute to energy security.Our key messages are:Fuel cells can contribute to UK energy system security, both now and in the future. Fuel cells can uniquely generate electricity at high efficiencies even at very small scales, and are already being increasingly used for emergency back-up power. There are many types; some require high-purity hydrogen, while others can operate on a range of fuels including natural gas, allowing them some degree of flexibility. In the longer term, fuel cell electric vehicles could greatly reduce oil dependence in the transport sector and fuel cell micro-CHP could reduce gas consumption by generating electricity and heat at high overall efficiencies.Hydrogen can be produced using a broad range of feedstocks and productionprocesses, including renewable electricity. Price volatility of primary energy sources or supply disruptions can be ameliorated by switching to other energy sources.Building a diverse portfolio of hydrogen production plants, using a range of feedstocks, would cost little more than building only the cheapest plant.Adopting hydrogen as an end-use fuel in the long term increases UK energy diversity. Scenario analyses using an energy system model show that the diversity of the UK energy system, including primary energy consumption, electricity generation, heat and transport, would be similar for scenarios with and without hydrogen, and slightly improved compared to today{\textquoteright}s situation.Hydrogen can be safely transported and stockpiled. Hydrogen pipelines are widely-used in industry and well-understood. It would be possible to develop large-scale storage of hydrogen more cheaply than that for electricity. This could supply many of the same markets as electricity and increase diversification compared to a system focused on electrification of heat and transport.Hydrogen and fuel cells could improve the stability of a low-carbon electricitysystem with a high penetration of renewables. Hydrogen could be produced from renewable electricity using electrolysers in a process called power-to-gas. The hydrogen could then be used as a fuel (e.g. in the transport sector), or stored and used to generate electricity at times of high demand. UK energy resource independence could be greatly increased through deploying high levels of renewables supported by hydrogen and fuel cells.A decentralised system of hydrogen and fuel cells could improve the resilienceof the energy system to threats such as terrorism, production plant and infrastructure failures, and natural disasters. Furthermore, decentralised generation that operates at peak times (such as micro-CHP on winter evenings) would reduce demand peaks needed by centralised generation systems, improving reliability and reducing the need to invest in peak generation plant.With respect to affordability, the Government{\textquoteright}s energy security strategy concentrates on short-term resource price volatility and insufficiently addresses long-term sustainability. The strategy does not provide a comprehensive, long-term outlook for the development of a resilient, low-carbon electricity system at long-term stable costs that also includes costs to the taxpayer not covered by customer pricing. Production and infrastructure investments have long lifetimes and need a reliable and stable framework that will deliver affordable cost to the society as a whole.The energy security strategy needs to consider the implications of closerinteractions between the power, gas and transport sectors in the future. Thesemarkets will be intimately linked by using hydrogen and fuel cells across thevarious transport, power, and heating applications. A future strategy wouldideally take a more holistic view of these markets and of the energy system.Hydrogen and fuel cells offer many options to improve the diversity, reliability,resilience and sustainability of the UK energy system in the future. With appropriate support and a clear and reliable policy framework, UK energy security can be improved in the long term by unfolding the great potential that lies in the use of these technologies.",
keywords = "energy security, energy trilemma, fuel cells, Hydrogen, UK",
editor = "Robert Steinberger-Wilckens and Paul Dodds and Zeynep Kurban and {Velazquez Abad}, Anthony and Jonathan Radcliffe",
year = "2017",
month = apr,
language = "English",
series = "H2FC SUPERGEN Hub White Papers",
publisher = "H2FC SUPERGEN",

}

RIS

TY - BOOK

T1 - The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in delivering energy security for the UK

A2 - Steinberger-Wilckens, Robert

A2 - Dodds, Paul

A2 - Kurban, Zeynep

A2 - Velazquez Abad, Anthony

A2 - Radcliffe, Jonathan

PY - 2017/4

Y1 - 2017/4

N2 - Hydrogen is a fuel that offers zero point-of-use emissions and can be produced from a wide variety of energy input. Fuel Cells are a conversion technology that allows high efficiencies of energy supply. The UK energy security strategies do not yet embrace the potential these technologies offer. This White Paper therefore describes how hydrogen and fuel cells can contribute to energy security.Our key messages are:Fuel cells can contribute to UK energy system security, both now and in the future. Fuel cells can uniquely generate electricity at high efficiencies even at very small scales, and are already being increasingly used for emergency back-up power. There are many types; some require high-purity hydrogen, while others can operate on a range of fuels including natural gas, allowing them some degree of flexibility. In the longer term, fuel cell electric vehicles could greatly reduce oil dependence in the transport sector and fuel cell micro-CHP could reduce gas consumption by generating electricity and heat at high overall efficiencies.Hydrogen can be produced using a broad range of feedstocks and productionprocesses, including renewable electricity. Price volatility of primary energy sources or supply disruptions can be ameliorated by switching to other energy sources.Building a diverse portfolio of hydrogen production plants, using a range of feedstocks, would cost little more than building only the cheapest plant.Adopting hydrogen as an end-use fuel in the long term increases UK energy diversity. Scenario analyses using an energy system model show that the diversity of the UK energy system, including primary energy consumption, electricity generation, heat and transport, would be similar for scenarios with and without hydrogen, and slightly improved compared to today’s situation.Hydrogen can be safely transported and stockpiled. Hydrogen pipelines are widely-used in industry and well-understood. It would be possible to develop large-scale storage of hydrogen more cheaply than that for electricity. This could supply many of the same markets as electricity and increase diversification compared to a system focused on electrification of heat and transport.Hydrogen and fuel cells could improve the stability of a low-carbon electricitysystem with a high penetration of renewables. Hydrogen could be produced from renewable electricity using electrolysers in a process called power-to-gas. The hydrogen could then be used as a fuel (e.g. in the transport sector), or stored and used to generate electricity at times of high demand. UK energy resource independence could be greatly increased through deploying high levels of renewables supported by hydrogen and fuel cells.A decentralised system of hydrogen and fuel cells could improve the resilienceof the energy system to threats such as terrorism, production plant and infrastructure failures, and natural disasters. Furthermore, decentralised generation that operates at peak times (such as micro-CHP on winter evenings) would reduce demand peaks needed by centralised generation systems, improving reliability and reducing the need to invest in peak generation plant.With respect to affordability, the Government’s energy security strategy concentrates on short-term resource price volatility and insufficiently addresses long-term sustainability. The strategy does not provide a comprehensive, long-term outlook for the development of a resilient, low-carbon electricity system at long-term stable costs that also includes costs to the taxpayer not covered by customer pricing. Production and infrastructure investments have long lifetimes and need a reliable and stable framework that will deliver affordable cost to the society as a whole.The energy security strategy needs to consider the implications of closerinteractions between the power, gas and transport sectors in the future. Thesemarkets will be intimately linked by using hydrogen and fuel cells across thevarious transport, power, and heating applications. A future strategy wouldideally take a more holistic view of these markets and of the energy system.Hydrogen and fuel cells offer many options to improve the diversity, reliability,resilience and sustainability of the UK energy system in the future. With appropriate support and a clear and reliable policy framework, UK energy security can be improved in the long term by unfolding the great potential that lies in the use of these technologies.

AB - Hydrogen is a fuel that offers zero point-of-use emissions and can be produced from a wide variety of energy input. Fuel Cells are a conversion technology that allows high efficiencies of energy supply. The UK energy security strategies do not yet embrace the potential these technologies offer. This White Paper therefore describes how hydrogen and fuel cells can contribute to energy security.Our key messages are:Fuel cells can contribute to UK energy system security, both now and in the future. Fuel cells can uniquely generate electricity at high efficiencies even at very small scales, and are already being increasingly used for emergency back-up power. There are many types; some require high-purity hydrogen, while others can operate on a range of fuels including natural gas, allowing them some degree of flexibility. In the longer term, fuel cell electric vehicles could greatly reduce oil dependence in the transport sector and fuel cell micro-CHP could reduce gas consumption by generating electricity and heat at high overall efficiencies.Hydrogen can be produced using a broad range of feedstocks and productionprocesses, including renewable electricity. Price volatility of primary energy sources or supply disruptions can be ameliorated by switching to other energy sources.Building a diverse portfolio of hydrogen production plants, using a range of feedstocks, would cost little more than building only the cheapest plant.Adopting hydrogen as an end-use fuel in the long term increases UK energy diversity. Scenario analyses using an energy system model show that the diversity of the UK energy system, including primary energy consumption, electricity generation, heat and transport, would be similar for scenarios with and without hydrogen, and slightly improved compared to today’s situation.Hydrogen can be safely transported and stockpiled. Hydrogen pipelines are widely-used in industry and well-understood. It would be possible to develop large-scale storage of hydrogen more cheaply than that for electricity. This could supply many of the same markets as electricity and increase diversification compared to a system focused on electrification of heat and transport.Hydrogen and fuel cells could improve the stability of a low-carbon electricitysystem with a high penetration of renewables. Hydrogen could be produced from renewable electricity using electrolysers in a process called power-to-gas. The hydrogen could then be used as a fuel (e.g. in the transport sector), or stored and used to generate electricity at times of high demand. UK energy resource independence could be greatly increased through deploying high levels of renewables supported by hydrogen and fuel cells.A decentralised system of hydrogen and fuel cells could improve the resilienceof the energy system to threats such as terrorism, production plant and infrastructure failures, and natural disasters. Furthermore, decentralised generation that operates at peak times (such as micro-CHP on winter evenings) would reduce demand peaks needed by centralised generation systems, improving reliability and reducing the need to invest in peak generation plant.With respect to affordability, the Government’s energy security strategy concentrates on short-term resource price volatility and insufficiently addresses long-term sustainability. The strategy does not provide a comprehensive, long-term outlook for the development of a resilient, low-carbon electricity system at long-term stable costs that also includes costs to the taxpayer not covered by customer pricing. Production and infrastructure investments have long lifetimes and need a reliable and stable framework that will deliver affordable cost to the society as a whole.The energy security strategy needs to consider the implications of closerinteractions between the power, gas and transport sectors in the future. Thesemarkets will be intimately linked by using hydrogen and fuel cells across thevarious transport, power, and heating applications. A future strategy wouldideally take a more holistic view of these markets and of the energy system.Hydrogen and fuel cells offer many options to improve the diversity, reliability,resilience and sustainability of the UK energy system in the future. With appropriate support and a clear and reliable policy framework, UK energy security can be improved in the long term by unfolding the great potential that lies in the use of these technologies.

KW - energy security

KW - energy trilemma

KW - fuel cells

KW - Hydrogen

KW - UK

M3 - Commissioned report

T3 - H2FC SUPERGEN Hub White Papers

BT - The role of hydrogen and fuel cells in delivering energy security for the UK

PB - H2FC SUPERGEN

CY - London

ER -