The radical ion chemistry of s-nitrosylated peptides

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Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

The radical ion chemistry of a suite of S-nitrosopeptides has been investigated. Doubly and triply-protonated ions of peptides NYCGLPGEYWLGNDK, NYCGLPGEYWLGNDR, NYCGLPGERWLGNDR, NACGAPGEKWAGNDK, NYCGLPGEKYLGNDK, NYGLPGCEKWYGNDK and NYGLPGEKWYGCNDK were subjected to electron capture dissociation (ECD), and collision-induced dissociation (CID). The peptide sequences were selected such that the effect of the site of S-nitrosylation, the nature and position of the basic amino acid residues, and the nature of the other amino acid side chains, could be interrogated. The ECD mass spectra were dominated by a peak corresponding to loss of (•)NO from the charge-reduced precursor, which can be explained by a modified Utah-Washington mechanism. Some backbone fragmentation in which the nitrosyl modification was preserved was also observed in the ECD of some peptides. Molecular dynamics simulations of peptide ion structure suggest that the ECD behavior was dependent on the surface accessibility of the protonated residue. CID of the S-nitrosylated peptides resulted in homolysis of the S-N bond to form a long-lived radical with loss of (•)NO. The radical peptide ions were isolated and subjected to ECD and CID. ECD of the radical peptide ions provided an interesting comparison to ECD of the unmodified peptides. The dominant process was electron capture without further dissociation (ECnoD). CID of the radical peptide ions resulted in cysteine, leucine, and asparagine side chain losses, and radical-induced backbone fragmentation at tryptophan, tyrosine, and asparagine residues, in addition to charge-directed backbone fragmentation.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2063-74
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Volume23
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2012