The Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior in Sport Scale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Colleges, School and Institutes

Abstract

This research aimed to (a) develop a measure of prosocial and antisocial behavior in sport, (b) examine its invariance across sex and sport, and (c) provide evidence for its discriminant and concurrent validity. We conducted two studies. In study 1, team sport athletes (N = 1,213) recruited from 103 teams completed questionnaires assessing demographics and prosocial and antisocial behaviors in sport. Factor analyses revealed two factors representing prosocial behavior and two factors representing antisocial behavior. The model had a very good fit to the data and showed configural, metric, and scalar invariance across sex and sport. The final scale consisted of 20 items. In Study 2, team-sport athletes (N = 106) completed the scale and measures of empathy and goal orientation. Analyses provided Support for the discriminant and concurrent validity of the scale. In conclusion, the new scale can be used to measure prosocial and antisocial behaviors in team sport.

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-117
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of sport & exercise psychology
Volume31
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2009

Keywords

  • team sport, multisample, morality