The political economy of fisheries co-management: challenging the potential for success on Lake Victoria

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The political economy of fisheries co-management : challenging the potential for success on Lake Victoria. / Nunan, Fiona.

In: Global Environmental Change, Vol. 63, 102101, 07.2020.

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@article{6682079e9a644bcbbd3c83904811afb0,
title = "The political economy of fisheries co-management: challenging the potential for success on Lake Victoria",
abstract = "Co-management has been adopted internationally within fisheries, bringing resource users into management decision-making and action with government and other actors. Research into how success of co-management arrangements can be encouraged has identified a plethora of factors, such as leadership, enabling policy and legislation and clearly defined boundaries of co-management structures and locations. Such research reflects findings within wider literature on success factors for natural resource governance, including Ostrom{\textquoteright}s {\textquoteleft}design principles{\textquoteright}. Little attention has been paid, however, to how the wider political and economic context affects co-management specifically and governance of renewable natural resources more generally. Drawing on data from interviews with a range of fisheries stakeholders in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, and on secondary sources, the article identifies how the wider political economy is reflected in, and influences, co-management, undermining the potential for success on Lake Victoria. The analysis shows how the political context of competitive authoritarianism in the three countries provides an environment for political interference, constrained resources to decentralized government, insufficient economic growth to offer viable alternative employment to fisheries and endemic corruption. The political economies of the three countries produce a constrained environment in which co-management operates, generating significant challenges to delivering on successful outcomes. The analysis demonstrates the relevance of the political and economic context to natural resource governance and how understanding of the political economy could inform governance design, practice and reform.",
author = "Fiona Nunan",
year = "2020",
month = jul,
doi = "10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102101",
language = "English",
volume = "63",
journal = "Global Environmental Change",
issn = "0959-3780",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The political economy of fisheries co-management

T2 - challenging the potential for success on Lake Victoria

AU - Nunan, Fiona

PY - 2020/7

Y1 - 2020/7

N2 - Co-management has been adopted internationally within fisheries, bringing resource users into management decision-making and action with government and other actors. Research into how success of co-management arrangements can be encouraged has identified a plethora of factors, such as leadership, enabling policy and legislation and clearly defined boundaries of co-management structures and locations. Such research reflects findings within wider literature on success factors for natural resource governance, including Ostrom’s ‘design principles’. Little attention has been paid, however, to how the wider political and economic context affects co-management specifically and governance of renewable natural resources more generally. Drawing on data from interviews with a range of fisheries stakeholders in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, and on secondary sources, the article identifies how the wider political economy is reflected in, and influences, co-management, undermining the potential for success on Lake Victoria. The analysis shows how the political context of competitive authoritarianism in the three countries provides an environment for political interference, constrained resources to decentralized government, insufficient economic growth to offer viable alternative employment to fisheries and endemic corruption. The political economies of the three countries produce a constrained environment in which co-management operates, generating significant challenges to delivering on successful outcomes. The analysis demonstrates the relevance of the political and economic context to natural resource governance and how understanding of the political economy could inform governance design, practice and reform.

AB - Co-management has been adopted internationally within fisheries, bringing resource users into management decision-making and action with government and other actors. Research into how success of co-management arrangements can be encouraged has identified a plethora of factors, such as leadership, enabling policy and legislation and clearly defined boundaries of co-management structures and locations. Such research reflects findings within wider literature on success factors for natural resource governance, including Ostrom’s ‘design principles’. Little attention has been paid, however, to how the wider political and economic context affects co-management specifically and governance of renewable natural resources more generally. Drawing on data from interviews with a range of fisheries stakeholders in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, and on secondary sources, the article identifies how the wider political economy is reflected in, and influences, co-management, undermining the potential for success on Lake Victoria. The analysis shows how the political context of competitive authoritarianism in the three countries provides an environment for political interference, constrained resources to decentralized government, insufficient economic growth to offer viable alternative employment to fisheries and endemic corruption. The political economies of the three countries produce a constrained environment in which co-management operates, generating significant challenges to delivering on successful outcomes. The analysis demonstrates the relevance of the political and economic context to natural resource governance and how understanding of the political economy could inform governance design, practice and reform.

UR - https://www.journals.elsevier.com/global-environmental-change/

U2 - 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102101

DO - 10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2020.102101

M3 - Article

VL - 63

JO - Global Environmental Change

JF - Global Environmental Change

SN - 0959-3780

M1 - 102101

ER -